• Energy as an indicator of modernization in Latin America, 1890-1925 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna; Yáñez, César; Folchi, Mauricio; Carreras, Albert (Wiley, 2010)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      In the absence of comparable macroeconomic indicators for most of the Latin American economies before the 1930s, the apparent consumption of energy is used in this paper as a proxy of the degree of modernization of Latin ...