Determinants and tools to evaluate the ecological sustainability of using forest biomass as an alternative energy source
Acceso abierto / Sarbide irekia
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Versión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioa
Forest biomass, the most ancient of fuels, is again in the center of renewable energy production. This chapter provides an introductory view of the main factors that condition the ecological sustainability of this energy source. The basic concepts of ecological sustainability, ecological rotation, and ecological thresholds (among others) are presented. The state of the art on approaches to as ... [++]
Forest biomass, the most ancient of fuels, is again in the center of renewable energy production. This chapter provides an introductory view of the main factors that condition the ecological sustainability of this energy source. The basic concepts of ecological sustainability, ecological rotation, and ecological thresholds (among others) are presented. The state of the art on approaches to assess the sustainability of forest biomass production for heat and electricity is discussed, and tools available for decision-makers to evaluate the sustainability of forest biomass production and management are described. This chapter then describes the main advantages and drawbacks of forest certification, growth and yield tables, and ecological models in relationship to their use in sustainable forest management for biomass and energy production. [--]
Shuka G., Chkravarty S. (Eds.). Forest biomass and carbon. IntechOpen, London, UK. pp 83-102. ISBN: 978-953-51-5753-3.
Universidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ciencias / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Zientziak Saila
This research was funded by a Government of Navarre’s (Spain) research action (ref. PI037 InFORest, which also funded David Candel-Pérez), and a project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and competitiveness (ref. AGL2016-76463-P TIMENUTRIENT). Yueh-Hsin Lo was funded through a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Action (ref. MSCA-IF-2014-EF656810-DENDRONUTRIENT). The FP7 post-grant Open Access publishing funds pilot funded the publication of this manuscript.
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016 The Author(s). Licensee InTech. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and eproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.76005 © 2018 The Author(s). Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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