Now showing items 1-4 of 4

    • Energy and economic growth: the stylized facts 

      Csereklyei, Zsuzsanna; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna; Stern, David I. (IAEE, 2016)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      We summarize what we know about energy and economic growth in a set of stylized facts. We combine analysis of a panel data set of 99 countries from 1971 to 2010 with analysis of some longer run historical data. Our key ...
    • Energy as an indicator of modernization in Latin America, 1890-1925 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna; Yáñez, César; Folchi, Mauricio; Carreras, Albert (Wiley, 2010)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      In the absence of comparable macroeconomic indicators for most of the Latin American economies before the 1930s, the apparent consumption of energy is used in this paper as a proxy of the degree of modernization of Latin ...
    • Nuclear power for a dictatorship: state and business involvement in the Spanish atomic program 1950-1985 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna (SAGE, 2016)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Spain was the first developing country to exploit a nuclear power plant commercially. By the early 1970s Spain had become the major nuclear client of the USA, the world’s largest reactor exporter. Despite its importance, ...
    • Will small energy consumers be faster in transition? Evidence from the early shift from coal to oil in Latin America 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna; Folchi, Mauricio (Elsevier, 2012)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      This paper provide evidence of the early transition from coal to oil for 20 Latin American countries over the first half of the 20th century, which does not fit the transition experiences of large energy consumers. These ...