Now showing items 91-110 of 163

    • The location decisions of multinationals and the cultural link: evidence from Spanish direct investment abroad 

      Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna; Barrios, Salvador (2008)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We examine the way in which differences in language and culture may affect direct investment decisions. We use a discrete choice approach to model the location decisions of multinationals in which cultural links, language ...
    • Long run analysis in alternative optimizing monetary models 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna (2001)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores the transmission channel from monetary variables to real variables in the steady-rate equilibria of various neoclassical optimizing models with money. The existence of superneutrality is rejected for ...
    • Lorenz and lexicographic maximal allocations for bankruptcy problems 

      Arin, Javier; Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper investigates the use of egalitarian criteria to select allocations in bankruptcy problems. In our work, we characterize the sets of Lorenz maximal elements for these problems. We show that the allocation selected ...
    • Market allocations of location choice: an example 

      Aizpurua Agirre, José María Upna; Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna; Puértolas Sagardoy, Javier Upna (2003)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The purpose of this paper is to make an example which, first, illustrates Starret’s Spatial Imposibility Theorem, when agents have free mobility; and second, allowes us to get a competitive equilibrium with transportation ...
    • Matching up the data on education with economic growth models 

      Papageorgiou, Chris; Pérez Sebastián, Fidel (1999)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The growth literature has not yet established how data on education should be introduced in theories involving human capital. Early work used enrolment rates as a proxy of human capital whereas more recently it has utilized ...
    • Mental health services utilization and costs of patients with schizophrenia in three areas of Spain 

      Haro, Josep María; Salvador, Luis; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Madoz, Vicente; Vázquez Barquero, José Luis; Agustench, Cristina Upna (1998)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Se compara la utilización de servicios sanitarios y los costes totales de atención de tres cohortes de pacientes con esquizofrenia en el tercer año tras el diagnóstico. Las tres cohortes son representativas de tres áreas ...
    • Minimal bools of rationales 

      Apesteguía, José Upna; Ballester Oyarzun, Miguel Ángel Upna (2005)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Kalai, Rubinstein, and Spiegler (2002) propose the rationalization of choice functions that violate the “independence of irrelevant alternatives” axiom through a collection (book) of linear orders (rationales). In this ...
    • Moneta eta produkzioa 

      Galarza Prieto, Enrique Upna (1997)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The definitions of money and economic product and the exact nature of their relationship are far from being clearly formulated by Economics. The aim of this paper is to introduce the reader to a different approach to the ...
    • Monetary and fiscal policies in dynamic models of the open economy 

      Bajo Rubio, Óscar Upna (1998)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper discusses the relative effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policies in a series of dynamic models of the open economy, by embodying in a unified general framework some different assumptions previously stated ...
    • Monopolistic competition, sticky prices, and the minimal mark-up in steady state 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna (2007)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This note reports the rate of inflation that minimizes the mark-up of prices over marginal costs in the steady-state solution of a monopolistic competition model with either Taylor (1980) or Calvo (1983) pricing. The minimal ...
    • Motivational capital and incentives in health care organisations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimal incentive schemes in public health institutions when agents (doctors) are intrinsically motivated. We develop a principal-agent dynamic model with moral hazard in which agents’ intrinsic motivation ...
    • Motivational capital and incentives in health care organizations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2014)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimal incentive schemes in public health institutions when agents (doctors) are intrinsically motivated. We develop a principal-agent dynamic model with moral hazard in which agents’ intrinsic motivation ...
    • Movilidad y desigualdad regional en la Unión Europea 

      Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna; Pascual Arzoz, Pedro Upna; Rapún Gárate, Manuel Upna (2002)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la movilidad de la distribución de la renta por habitante a escala regional en la Unión Europea durante el período 1977-1996, con el fin de aportar elementos complementarios sobre ...
    • Negative externalities in cropping decisions: private versus common land 

      Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna; Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna; Osés Eraso, Nuria Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper analyzes to what extent the definition of property rights affects cropping decisions when these decisions generate negative externalities. To that end, we implement an experimental study where agents make cropping ...
    • A new Keynesian analysis of industrial employment fluctuations 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna (2009)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper describes a model with sticky prices, search frictions and hours-clearing wages that provides firm differentiation across several dimensions: price, output, wage, employment and hours per worker. The connection ...
    • Non anonymous ballot aggregation: an axiomatic generalization of Approval Voting 

      Alcalde Unzu, Jorge Upna; Vorsatz, Marc (2011)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We study axiomatically situations in which the society agrees to treat voters with different characteristics distinctly. In this setting, we propose a set of six intuitive axioms and show that they jointly characterize a ...
    • Non-elective cesarean sections in public hospitals: hospital capacity constraints and doctor´s incentives 

      Arrieta, Alejandro; García Prado, Ariadna Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Using administrative records of births from the Perinatal Surveillance System of the Social Security System (ESSALUD) in Peru, we test whether high admissions of pregnant women affected unplanned cesarean section rates in ...
    • Note on Bossert, Pattanaik and Xu’s “Choice under complete uncertainty: axiomatic characterization of some decision rules” 

      Arlegi Pérez, Ricardo Upna (2002)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Recent work by Bossert, Pattanaik and Xu provides axiomatic characterizations of some decision rules for individual decision making under complete uncertainty. This note shows that, in the case of two of these rules, they ...
    • On firm-level, industry-level, and aggregate employment fluctuations 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Employment fluctuations are examined, at different levels of aggregation, in a dynamic model that provides firm-specific hiring decisions due to search frictions and sticky pricing. The results indicate that firm-level ...
    • On freedom of choice, ambiguity, and the preference for easy choices 

      Arlegi Pérez, Ricardo Upna; Dimitrov, Dinko (2006)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper is devoted to the study of opportunity set comparisons when the characteristics of the options within the sets in question may be ambiguous. We assume that agents display a preference for freedom of choice, but ...