Now showing items 146-163 of 163

    • The term structure as a predictor of real economic growth: a general equilibrium approach 

      Domínguez Irastorza, Emilio José Upna; Novales, Alfonso (1997)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Consistent empirical evidence has recently been brought up about the forecasting ability of the term estructure of nominal interes rates, relative to future economic activity. However, there has not been chch work that ...
    • Territorial mobility: a measuring proposal 

      Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna; Pascual Arzoz, Pedro Upna; Rapún Gárate, Manuel Upna (2005)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      As a contribution to the study of intradistributional mobility, this paper introduces a family of functions whose usefulness as mobility measures is justified by different theoretical results. Indeed, as a particular case, ...
    • A theory of choice under internal conflict 

      Arlegi Pérez, Ricardo Upna; Teschl, Miriam (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      In this paper we discuss, inspired by some psychological literature, that choices are the outcome of the interplay of different, potentially conflicting motivations. We propose an axiomatic approach with two motivations, ...
    • A theory of reference dependent behavior 

      Apesteguía, José Upna; Ballester Oyarzun, Miguel Ángel Upna (2004)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      There is extensive field and experimental evidence in a wide variety of environments showing that behavior depends on a reference point. This paper provides an axiomatic characterization for such behavior. Our approach is ...
    • Theory on economic development: from growth of wealth to expansion of freedom 

      Echávarri Aguinaga, Rebeca Upna (2003)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      In Economic Theory, development is the topic, which delves into human welfare. Its aim is linked to welfare expansion in the context of regions. In this working paper, I am assuming that aims and strategies of development ...
    • There was monetary autonomy in Europe on the eve of EMU? The German dominance hypothesis reexamined 

      Bajo Rubio, Óscar Upna; Montávez Garcés, María Dolores Upna (1999)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      In this paper we re-examine the German dominance hypothesis, as a way to assess whether the loss of monetary autonomy in Europe associated with EMU had been significant. We use Granger-causality tests between the interest ...
    • ¿Trabajar en ocupaciones `femeninas´ reduce los salarios? 

      Salabarría Ortiz, María Aránzazu Upna; Ullibarri Arce, Miren Upna (1997)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Bergmann (1971, 1974) señala que la discriminación disminuye los salarios de hombres y mujeres en ocupaciones 'femeninas' al incrementarse la oferta de trabajo como consecuencia de las barreras de entrada a otras ocupaciones. ...
    • El trabajo forzado en infraestructuras ferroviarias bajo el franquismo (1938 – 1957): una estimación cuantitativa 

      Mendiola Gonzalo, Fernando Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      En este artículo se aborda el trabajo de presos y prisioneros de guerra en la ampliación y reconstrucción de vías férreas durante la guerra civil española y la dictadura franquista. En una primera parte se presentan los ...
    • Trade-offs in health investments: HIV, malaria and malnutrition 

      García Prado, Ariadna Upna; Miñés Belío, Sandra (2017)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      While life expectancy has increased worldwide during the last decades, the developing world is still losing millions of lives each year due to three pervasive illnesses: Malaria, HIV and Chronic Malnutrition. This work ...
    • Transitional dynamics in an R&D-based growth model with imitation: comparing its predictions to the data 

      Pérez Sebastián, Fidel (1998)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Employing cross-country data, this paper evaluates the transitional dynamics predictions of a non-scale growth model of endogenous technology innovation and imitation. We show that, unlike the neoclassical growth framework, ...
    • Uncertainty with ordinal likelihood information 

      Alcalde Unzu, Jorge Upna; Arlegi Pérez, Ricardo Upna (2007)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper proposes a new framework of choice under uncertainty, where the only information available to the decision maker is about the the ordinal likelihood of the different outcomes each action generates. This contrasts ...
    • Using bayesian techniques to build up an inconsistency free health status index 

      Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Sánchez Iriso, Eduardo Upna (2004)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Objectives: 1-To obtain a set of values of health states of the EQ-5D based on self-related health VAS using linear and non- linear models Bayesian techniques. 2 - To analyse “logical consistency” in different models and ...
    • Uso de índices de necesidad relativa para estimar opciones de financiación sanitaria en las regiones venezolanas 

      Espinoza Ferrer, Natalie C. Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna (2003)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Objetivo: Estimar necesidades relativas de gasto de las regiones venezolanas, basadas en técnicas estadísticas de análisis multivariante. Material y Métodos: Se utilizan datos del año 1997 referidos a variables demográficas ...
    • Variable population egalitarian ethics and the critical-level: a note 

      Arlegi Pérez, Ricardo Upna; Ballester Oyarzun, Miguel Ángel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2000)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores the introduction of a variable critical-level in a variable population context. We focus the attention on the “Critical-Level Egalitarian Rule”, a social evaluation procedure which compares two social ...
    • Wage inequality and the labour market in Argentina: labour institutions, supply and demand in the period 1980–99 

      Waisgrais, Sebastián Upna (2001)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      En el presente trabajo estudiamos los determinantes económicos e institucionales en la relación mercado de trabajo y desigualdad salarial en el Gran Buenos Aires durante el período 1980-1999. La hipótesis principal de este ...
    • Wage setting actors, sticky wages, and optimal monetary policy 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna (2007)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Following Erceg et al. (2000), sticky wages are generally modelled assuming that households set wage contracts à la Calvo (1983). This paper compares that sticky-wage model with one where wage contracts are set by firms, ...
    • Wage stickiness and unemployment fluctuations: an alternative approach 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna; Moreno, Antonio Upna; Vázquez, Jesús (2009)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Erceg, Henderson and Levin (2000, Journal of Monetary Economics) introduce sticky wages in a New-Keynesian general-equilibrium model. Alternatively, it is shown here how wage stickiness may bring unemployment fluctuations ...
    • Why are labor markets in Spain and Germany so different? 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna; Vázquez, Jesús (2016)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The volatility of unemployment fluctuations has been about 3 times higher in Spain than in Germany over the recent business cycles (1996-2013). In contrast, fluctuations of the rate of wage inflation were significantly ...