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dc.creatorWei, Xiaohuaes_ES
dc.creatorBlanco Vaca, Juan Antonioes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-30T10:14:11Z
dc.date.available2015-12-30T10:14:11Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203 (Print)
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203 (Electronic)
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2454/19815
dc.descriptionIncluye material complementarioes_ES
dc.description.abstractSubtropical planted forests are rapidly expanding. They are traditionally managed for intensive, short-term goals that often lead to long-term yield decline and reduced carbon sequestration capacity. Here we show how it is possible to increase and sustain carbon stored in subtropical forest plantations if management is switched towards more sustainable forestry. We first conducted a literature review to explore possible management factors that contribute to the potentials in ecosystem C in tropical and subtropical plantations. We found that broadleaves plantations have significantly higher ecosystem C than conifer plantations. In addition, ecosystem C increases with plantation age, and reaches a peak with intermediate stand densities of 1500–2500 trees ha-1. We then used the FORECAST model to simulate the regional implications of switching from traditional to sustainable management regimes, using Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantations in subtropical China as a study case. We randomly simulated 200 traditional short-rotation pure stands and 200 sustainably-managed mixed Chinese fir – Phoebe bournei plantations, for 120 years. Our results showed that mixed, sustainably-managed plantations have on average 67.5% more ecosystem C than traditional pure conifer plantations. If all pure plantations were gradually transformed into mixed plantations during the next 10 years, carbon stocks could rise in 2050 by 260.22 TgC in east-central China. Assuming similar differences for temperate and boreal plantations, if sustainable forestry practices were applied to all new forest plantation types in China, stored carbon could increase by 1,482.80 TgC in 2050. Such an increase would be equivalent to a yearly sequestration rate of 40.08 TgC yr-1, offsetting 1.9% of China’s annual emissions in 2010. More importantly, this C increase can be sustained in the long term through the maintenance of higher amounts of soil organic carbon and the production of timber products with longer life spans.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/zipen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS ONE 9(2): e89688.en
dc.rights© 2014 Wei, Blanco. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectSoil organic matteren
dc.subjectMixed forestsen
dc.subjectCarbon sequestrationen
dc.subjectFORECAST modelen
dc.titleSignificant increase in ecosystem C can be achieved with sustainable forest management in subtropical plantation forestsen
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ciencias del Medio Naturales_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Natura Ingurunearen Zientziak Sailaeu
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0089688
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0089688.s001 (material complementario)
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089688
dc.type.versionVersión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioaes
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionen


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© 2014 Wei, Blanco. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014 Wei, Blanco. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.