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dc.creatorWeber, Adrianes_ES
dc.creatorLeckie, Saraes_ES
dc.creatorKimmins, J.P. (Hamish)es_ES
dc.creatorGilbert, Benjamines_ES
dc.creatorBlanco Vaca, Juan Antonioes_ES
dc.creatorLo, Yueh-Hsines_ES
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-19T15:13:14Z
dc.date.available2019-02-15T00:00:10Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn0378-1127
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2454/23095
dc.description.abstractWe examined two measures of shade tolerance (survival and growth) of planted 1-year-old seedlings of western redcedar (Thuja plicata (Donn ex D. Don)), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla ([Raf.] Sarg.)) and amabilis fir (Abies amabilis ([Dougl. ex Loud] Dougl. ex Forbes)). Seedlings were planted at two different sites (forest interior: 4.5% mean above canopy photosynthetically active radiation [ACPAR], and forest edge: 41.5% mean ACPAR), in a 90-year-old, windthrow origin, unmanaged mesic western hemlock-amabilis fir stand. Seedlings were planted in 1997, and re-measured in 1998 and 2001 (after five growing seasons). To assess the effects of deer browsing on redcedar survival and growth, additional seedlings of this species were planted and protected with Vexar© tubes. To examine for nutrient-light interactions, half of these seedlings were fertilized with N-P-K and micronutrients at planting. Western redcedar had high levels of survival after 4 years (98% in edge plots and 93% in interior plots). Redcedar seedlings in edge plots were more vigorous but were browsed more heavily than in the interior plots. At edge sites, the negative effects of the Vexar© tubes may have been lower than their positive effects. Hemlock survival was about 50% in the stand interior but 80% in the edge plots. Amabilis fir in the interior plots had the lowest survival of the three species, with only 40% of initial seedlings surviving over the next four years, but had high survival in edge plots (95%). Height, biomass, and root collar diameter growth were significantly higher in edge plots for fir and hemlock. However, for redcedar, only biomass was significantly higher and no differences were detected for height and diameter. Our results show that shade tolerance cannot be assessed by simple measures of leaf/light relationships alone, but also requires consideration of light, nutrition, growth and browsing.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.ispartofForest Ecology and Management 386 (2017) 13–21en
dc.rights© 2016 Elsevier B.V. The manuscript version is made available under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.en
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectLight toleranceen
dc.subjectLight-nutrient interactionsen
dc.subjectEdge effectsen
dc.subjectSeedling survivalen
dc.subjectSeedling growthen
dc.titleSurvival and growth as measures of shade tolerance of planted western redcedar, western hemlock and amabilis fir seedlings in hemlock-fir forests of northern Vancouver Islanden
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ciencias del Medio Naturales_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Natura Ingurunearen Zientziak Sailaeu
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen
dc.embargo.terms2019-02-15
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.foreco.2016.11.019
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2016.11.019
dc.type.versionVersión aceptada / Onetsi den bertsioaes
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersionen


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© 2016 Elsevier B.V. The manuscript version is made available under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016 Elsevier B.V. The manuscript version is made available under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.