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dc.creatorGranda, Faustoes_ES
dc.creatorAzpilicueta Fernández de las Heras, Leyrees_ES
dc.creatorVargas Rosales, Césares_ES
dc.creatorLópez Iturri, Peioes_ES
dc.creatorAguirre Gallego, Erikes_ES
dc.creatorAstrain Escola, José Javieres_ES
dc.creatorVilladangos Alonso, Jesúses_ES
dc.creatorFalcone Lanas, Francisco Javieres_ES
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-15T09:28:42Z
dc.date.available2017-11-15T09:28:42Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn1424-8220
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2454/26177
dc.description.abstractVehicular ad hoc Networks (VANETs) enable vehicles to communicate with each other as well as with roadside units (RSUs). Although there is a significant research effort in radio channel modeling focused on vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), not much work has been done for vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) using 3D ray-tracing tools. This work evaluates some important parameters of a V2I wireless channel link such as large-scale path loss and multipath metrics in a typical urban scenario using a deterministic simulation model based on an in-house 3D Ray-Launching (3D-RL) algorithm at 5.9 GHz. Results show the high impact that the spatial distance; link frequency; placement of RSUs; and factors such as roundabout, geometry and relative position of the obstacles have in V2I propagation channel. A detailed spatial path loss characterization of the V2I channel along the streets and avenues is presented. The 3D-RL results show high accuracy when compared with measurements, and represent more reliably the propagation phenomena when compared with analytical path loss models. Performance metrics for a real test scenario implemented with a VANET wireless sensor network implemented ad-hoc are also described. These results constitute a starting point in the design phase of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) radio-planning in the urban V2I deployment in terms of coverage.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to acknowledge the support and collaboration of the Focus Group of Telecommunications and Networks at Tecnologico de Monterrey. This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competiveness under the Research Grant TEC2013-45585-C2-1-R.en
dc.format.extent22 p.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relation.ispartofSensors, 2017, 17(6), 1313en
dc.rights© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.en
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectWireless sensor networks (WSN)en
dc.subject3D ray launchingen
dc.subjectVehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET)en
dc.subjectVehicle-to-Infrastructure communication (V2I)en
dc.subjectPath lossen
dc.subjectCoherence bandwidthen
dc.titleSpatial characterization of radio propagation channel in urban vehicle-to-infrastructure environments to support WSNs deploymenten
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónicaes_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Ingeniaritza Elektriko eta Elektronikoa Sailaeu
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ingeniería Matemática e Informáticaes_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Matematika eta Informatika Ingeniaritza Sailaeu
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. ISC - Institute of Smart Citieses_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/s17061313
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/1PE/TEC2013-45585en
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s17061313
dc.type.versionVersión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioaes
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionen


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© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.