Organic carbon storage and dynamics as affected by the adoption of irrigation in a cultivated calcareous mediterranean soil
Acceso abierto / Sarbide irekia
Artículo / Artikulua
Versión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioa
Irrigation is in the spotlight of land-use planning in semi-arid and sub-humid regions. It can be a promising practice to promote soil organic C storage (SOC), although it may also involve an increase in soil GHG emissions. Assessing the impact of its adoption on SOC storage is crucial to better understand its potential role in terms of agricultural sustainability and climate policies. In this s ... [++]
Irrigation is in the spotlight of land-use planning in semi-arid and sub-humid regions. It can be a promising practice to promote soil organic C storage (SOC), although it may also involve an increase in soil GHG emissions. Assessing the impact of its adoption on SOC storage is crucial to better understand its potential role in terms of agricultural sustainability and climate policies. In this study, we measured and modeled the changes in soil organic C storage and dynamics in the tilled soil layer (0-30 cm) of an experimental field on a calcareous soil with two different crops (maize, a C4 plant, and wheat, a C3 plant), cultivated with and without irrigation for 7 years. We hypothesized that changes in SOC storage occur when introducing irrigation and/or different crops in an agrosystem, and that they would be related to changes in the incorporation of crop residues, their partitioning between the labile and the stable fraction, and C losses bymineralization. Our results validated theses hypotheses only partially. Over the 7-year study period, irrigation significantly increased total (TOC) and sand-size (50-2,000 µm) particulate organic C (POC50-2,000) stocks in the tilled layer (0-30 cm): +7.1%TOC and +12.1%POC50-2,000 for maize, and +7.0 and +12.3% for wheat. A parallel two-pool SOC model based on TOC and POC50-2,000 fractions and the C3-C4 plant shift allowed understanding that the observed changes in SOC storage were most likely related to an increase in C inputs from crop residues, and to a more efficient incorporation of these residues with irrigation. The mean residence time of SOC in the two modeled pools did not allow to support our hypothesis of changes in SOC mineralization with irrigation. The limitations of SOC fractionation, which implied that some labile fractions might have been lost from POC50-2,000 and recovered in the fraction identified as slow-turning, together with the interaction of the carbonate-rich mineral phase of this soil can explain at least partially this observation. We conclude that irrigation can contribute to effectively increase SOC storage in themid-term, but its effectmight be dependent upon the type of crops and soil. [--]
Carbon sequestration, Irrigation, Calcareous soils, Maize, Soil organic C modeling, Stable carbon isotopes
Frontiers In Soil Science, 2022, 2 (831775),1-18
Universidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ciencias / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Zientziak Saila / Universidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika Saila / Universidad Pública de Navarra/Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Institute on Innovation and Sustainable Development in Food Chain - ISFOOD
The authors thank funding from INIA, Spanish Agency (Grant INIA RTA2009-00052-C02-02), and the European Commission Integrated Life Program (Life NADAPTA Project, LIFE 16 IPC/ES/000001). RA was awarded a pre-doctoral fellowship by Universidad Pública de Navarra.
Appears in Collections
Items in Academica-e are protected by copyright with all rights reserved, unless otherwise noted.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2022 Antón, Derrien, Urmeneta, van der Heijden, Enrique and Virto. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.