# Person: Miguel Turullols, Laura de

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Miguel Turullols

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Laura de

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Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas

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ISC. Institute of Smart Cities

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0000-0002-7665-2801

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810922

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Publication Open Access Local properties of strengthened ordered directional and other forms of monotonicity(Springer, 2019) Sesma Sara, Mikel; Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Mesiar, Radko; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa, PJUPNA13Show more In this study we discuss some of the recent generalized forms of monotonicity, introduced in the attempt of relaxing the monotonicity condition of aggregation functions. Specifically, we deal with weak, directional, ordered directional and strengthened ordered directional monotonicity. We present some of the most relevant properties of the functions that satisfy each of these monotonicity conditions and, using the concept of pointwise directional monotonicity, we carry out a local study of the discussed relaxations of monotonicity. This local study enables to highlight the differences between each notion of monotonicity. We illustrate such differences with an example of a restricted equivalence function.Show more Publication Open Access The interval-valued Choquet integral based on admissible permutations(IEEE, 2018) Paternain Dallo, Daniel; Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Ochoa Lezaun, Gustavo; Lizasoain Iriso, María Inmaculada; Mesiar, Radko; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more Aggregation or fusion of interval data is not a trivial task, since the necessity of arranging data arises in many aggregation functions, such as OWA operators or the Choquet integral. Some arranging procedures have been given to solve this problem, but they need certain parameters to be set. In order to solve this problem, in this work we propose the concept of an admissible permutation of intervals. Based on this concept, which avoids any parameter selection, we propose a new approach for the interval-valued Choquet integral that takes into account every possible permutation fitting to the considered ordinal structure of data. Finally, a consensus among all the permutations is constructed.Show more Publication Open Access Convolution lattices(Elsevier, 2018) Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Baets, Bernard de; Automatika eta Konputazioa; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Automática y ComputaciónShow more We propose two convolution operations on the set of functions between two bounded lattices and investigate the algebraic structure they constitute, in particular the lattice laws they satisfy. Each of these laws requires the restriction to a specific subset of functions, such as normal, idempotent or convex functions. Combining all individual results, we identify the maximal subsets of functions resulting in a bounded lattice, and show this result to be equivalent to the distributivity of the lattice acting as domain of the functions. Furthermore, these lattices turn out to be distributive as well. Additionally, we show that for the larger subset of idempotent functions, although not satisfying the absorption laws, the convolution operations satisfy the Birkhoff equation.Show more Publication Open Access Type-2 fuzzy entropy-sets(IEEE, 2017) Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Santos, Helida; Sesma Sara, Mikel; Callejas Bedregal, Benjamin; Jurío Munárriz, Aránzazu; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Automática y Computación; Automatika eta Konputazioa; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more The final goal of this study is to adapt the concept of fuzzy entropy of De Luca and Termini to deal with Type-2 Fuzzy Sets. We denote this concept Type-2 Fuzzy Entropy-Set. However, the construction of the notion of entropy measure on an infinite set, such us [0, 1], is not effortless. For this reason, we first introduce the concept of quasi-entropy of a Fuzzy Set on the universe [0, 1]. Furthermore, whenever the membership function of the considered Fuzzy Set in the universe [0, 1] is continuous, we prove that the quasi-entropy of that set is a fuzzy entropy in the sense of De Luca y Termini. Finally, we present an illustrative example where we use Type-2 Fuzzy Entropy-Sets instead of fuzzy entropies in a classical fuzzy algorithm.Show more Publication Open Access A framework for radial data comparison and its application to fingerprint analysis(Elsevier, 2016) Marco Detchart, Cedric; Cerrón González, Juan; Miguel Turullols, Laura de; López Molina, Carlos; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Galar Idoate, Mikel; Automatika eta Konputazioa; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Automática y Computación; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more This work tackles the comparison of radial data, and proposes comparison measures that are further applied to fingerprint analysis. First, we study the similarity of scalar and non-scalar radial data, elaborated on previous works in fuzzy set theory. This study leads to the concepts of restricted radial equivalence function and Radial Similarity Measure, which model the perceived similarity between scalar and vectorial pieces of radial data, respectively. Second, the utility of these functions is tested in the context of fingerprint analysis, and more specifically, in the singular point detection. With this aim, a novel Template-based Singular Point Detection method is proposed, which takes advantage of these functions. Finally, their suitability is tested in different fingerprint databases. Different Similarity Measures are considered to show the flexibility offered by these measures and the behaviour of the new method is compared with well-known singular point detection methods.Show more Publication Open Access Neuro-inspired edge feature fusion using Choquet integrals(Elsevier, 2021) Marco Detchart, Cedric; Lucca, Giancarlo; López Molina, Carlos; Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more It is known that the human visual system performs a hierarchical information process in which early vision cues (or primitives) are fused in the visual cortex to compose complex shapes and descriptors. While different aspects of the process have been extensively studied, such as lens adaptation or feature detection, some other aspects, such as feature fusion, have been mostly left aside. In this work, we elaborate on the fusion of early vision primitives using generalizations of the Choquet integral, and novel aggregation operators that have been extensively studied in recent years. We propose to use generalizations of the Choquet integral to sensibly fuse elementary edge cues, in an attempt to model the behaviour of neurons in the early visual cortex. Our proposal leads to a fully-framed edge detection algorithm whose performance is put to the test in state-of-the-art edge detection datasets.Show more Publication Open Access Construction of admissible linear orders for interval-valued Atanassov intuitionistic fuzzy sets with an application to decision making(Elsevier, 2015) Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Induráin Eraso, Esteban; Kolesárová, Anna; Mesiar, Radko; Matemáticas; Matematika; Automática y Computación; Automatika eta Konputazioa; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more In this work we introduce a method for constructing linear orders between pairs of intervals by using aggregation functions. We adapt this method to the case of interval-valued Atanassov intuitionistic fuzzy sets and we apply these sets and the considered orders to a decision making problem.Show more Publication Open Access Extension of restricted equivalence functions and similarity measures for type-2 fuzzy sets(IEEE, 2021) Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Santiago, Regivan; Wagner, Christian; Garibaldi, Jonathan M.; Takáč, Zdenko; Roldán López de Hierro, Antonio Francisco; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more In this work we generalize the notion of restricted equivalence function for type-2 fuzzy sets, leading to the notion of extended restricted equivalence functions. We also study how under suitable conditions, these new functions recover the standard axioms for restricted equivalence functions in the real setting. Extended restricted equivalence functions allow us to compare any two general type-2 fuzzy sets and to generate a similarity measure for type-2 fuzzy sets. The result of this similarity is a fuzzy set on the same referential set (i.e., domain) as the considered type-2 fuzzy set. The latter is crucial for applications such as explainable AI and decision making, as it enables an intuitive interpretation of the similarity within the domain-specific context of the fuzzy sets. We show how this measure can be used to compare type-2 fuzzy sets with different membership functions in such a way that the uncertainty linked to type-2 fuzzy sets is not lost. This is achieved by generating a fuzzy set rather than a single numerical value. Furthermore, we also show how to obtain a numerical value for discrete referential sets.Show more Publication Open Access Strengthened ordered directional and other generalizations of monotonicity for aggregation functions(Springer, 2018) Sesma Sara, Mikel; Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Lafuente López, Julio; Barrenechea Tartas, Edurne; Mesiar, Radko; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more A tendency in the theory of aggregation functions is the generalization of the monotonicity condition. In this work, we examine the latest developments in terms of different generalizations. In particular, we discuss strengthened ordered directional monotonicity, its relation to other types of monotonicity, such as directional and ordered directional monotonicity and the main properties of the class of functions that are strengthened ordered directionally monotone. We also study some construction methods for such functions and provide a characterization of usual monotonicity in terms of these notions of monotonicity.Show more Publication Embargo Non-symmetric over-time pooling using pseudo-grouping functions for convolutional neural networks(Elsevier, 2024) Ferrero Jaurrieta, Mikel; Paiva, Rui; Cruz, Anderson; Callejas Bedregal, Benjamin; Miguel Turullols, Laura de; Takáč, Zdenko; López Molina, Carlos; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISCShow more Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are a family of networks that have become state-of-the-art in several fields of artificial intelligence due to their ability to extract spatial features. In the context of natural language processing, they can be used to build text classification models based on textual features between words. These networks fuse local features to generate global features in their over-time pooling layers. These layers have been traditionally built using the maximum function or other symmetric functions such as the arithmetic mean. It is important to note that the order of input local features is significant (i.e. the symmetry is not an inherent characteristic of the model). While this characteristic is appropriate for image-oriented CNNs, where symmetry might make the network robust to image rigid transformations, it seems counter-productive for text processing, where the order of the words is certainly important. Our proposal is, hence, to use non-symmetric pooling operators to replace the maximum or average functions. Specifically, we propose to perform over-time pooling using pseudo-grouping functions, a family of non-symmetric aggregation operators that generalize the maximum function. We present a construction method for pseudo-grouping functions and apply different examples of this family to over-time pooling layers in text-oriented CNNs. Our proposal is tested on seven different models and six different datasets in the context of engineering applications, e.g. text classification. The results show an overall improvement of the models when using non-symmetric pseudo-grouping functions over the traditional pooling function.Show more

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