# Person: López García, José Luis

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López García

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José Luis

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Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas

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InaMat2. Instituto de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados y Matemáticas

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0000-0002-6050-9015

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2369

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Publication Open Access A convergent version of Watson’s lemma for double integrals(Taylor & Francis, 2022) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more A modification of Watson’s lemma for Laplace transforms ∞ 0 f(t) e−zt dt was introduced in [Nielsen, 1906], deriving a new asymptotic expansion for large |z| with the extra property of being convergent as well. Inspired in that idea, in this paper we derive asymptotic expansions of two-dimensional Laplace transforms F(x, y) := ∞ 0 ∞ 0 f(t,s) e−xt−ys dt ds for large |x| and |y| that are also convergent. The expansions of F(x, y) are accompanied by error bounds. Asymptotic and convergent expansions of some specialfunctions are given as illustration.Show more Publication Open Access Convergent and asymptotic methods for second-order difference equations with a large parameter(Springer, 2018) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Matematika eta Informatika Ingeniaritza; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We consider the second-order linear difference equation y(n+2)−2ay(n+1)−Λ2y(n)=g(n)y(n)+f(n)y(n+1) , where Λ is a large complex parameter, a≥0 and g and f are sequences of complex numbers. Two methods are proposed to find the asymptotic behavior for large |Λ|of the solutions of this equation: (i) an iterative method based on a fixed point method and (ii) a discrete version of Olver’s method for second-order linear differential equations. Both methods provide an asymptotic expansion of every solution of this equation. The expansion given by the first method is also convergent and may be applied to nonlinear problems. Bounds for the remainders are also given. We illustrate the accuracy of both methods for the modified Bessel functions and the associated Legendre functions of the first kind.Show more Publication Open Access The use of two-point Taylor expansions in singular one-dimensional boundary value problems I(Elsevier, 2018) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Matematika eta Informatika Ingeniaritza; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Ingeniería Matemática e InformáticaShow more We consider the second-order linear differential equation (x + 1)y′′ + f(x)y′ + g(x)y = h(x) in the interval (−1, 1) with initial conditions or boundary conditions (Dirichlet, Neumann or mixed Dirichlet-Neumann). The functions f(x), g(x) and h(x) are analytic in a Cassini disk Dr with foci at x = ±1 containing the interval [−1, 1]. Then, the end point of the interval x = −1 may be a regular singular point of the differential equation. The two-point Taylor expansion of the solution y(x) at the end points ±1 is used to study the space of analytic solutions in Dr of the differential equation, and to give a criterion for the existence and uniqueness of analytic solutions of the boundary value problem. This method is constructive and provides the two-point Taylor approximation of the analytic solutions when they exist.Show more Publication Open Access Orthogonal basis for the optical transfer function(Optical Society of America, 2016) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Navarro, Rafael; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more We propose systems of orthogonal functions qn to represent optical transfer functions (OTF) characterized by including the diffraction-limited OTF as the first basis function q0 OTF perfect. To this end, we apply a powerful and rigorous theoretical framework based on applying the appropriate change of variables to well-known orthogonal systems. Here we depart from Legendre polynomials for the particular case of rotationally symmetric OTF and from spherical harmonics for the general case. Numerical experiments with different examples show that the number of terms necessary to obtain an accurate linear expansion of the OTF mainly depends on the image quality. In the rotationally symmetric case we obtained a reasonable accuracy with approximately 10 basis functions, but in general, for cases of poor image quality, the number of basis functions may increase and hence affect the efficiency of the method. Other potential applications, such as new image quality metrics are also discussed.Show more Publication Open Access Asymptotic and convergent expansions for solutions of third-order linear differential equations with a large parameter(Shanghai Normal University, 2018) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more In previous papers [6–8,10], we derived convergent and asymptotic expansions of solutions of second order linear differential equations with a large parameter. In those papers we generalized and developed special cases not considered in Olver’s theory [Olver, 1974]. In this paper we go one step forward and consider linear differential equations of the third order: y ′′′ +aΛ2y′ +bΛ3y = f(x)y′ +g(x)y, with a, b ∈ C fixed, f′ and g continuous, and Λ a large positive parameter. We propose two different techniques to handle the problem: (i) a generalization of Olver’s method and (ii) the transformation of the differential problem into a fixed point problem from which we construct an asymptotic sequence of functions that converges to the unique solution of the problem. Moreover, we show that this second technique may also be applied to nonlinear differential equations with a large parameter. As an application of the theory, we obtain new convergent and asymptotic expansions of the Pearcey integral P(x, y) for large |x|.Show more Publication Open Access On a modifcation of Olver's method: a special case(Springer US, 2016) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more We consider the asymptotic method designed by Olver (Asymptotics and special functions. Academic Press, New York, 1974) for linear differential equations of the second order containing a large (asymptotic) parameter : xm y −2 y = g(x)y, with m ∈ Z and g continuous. Olver studies in detail the cases m = 2, especially the cases m = 0, ±1, giving the Poincaré-type asymptotic expansions of two independent solutions of the equation. The case m = 2 is different, as the behavior of the solutions for large is not of exponential type, but of power type. In this case, Olver’s theory does not give many details. We consider here the special case m = 2. We propose two different techniques to handle the problem: (1) a modification of Olver’s method that replaces the role of the exponential approximations by power approximations, and (2) the transformation of the differential problem into a fixed point problem from which we construct an asymptotic sequence of functions that converges to the unique solution of the problem. Moreover, we show that this second technique may also be applied to nonlinear differential equations with a large parameter.Show more Publication Open Access Orthogonal basis with a conicoid first mode for shape specification of optical surfaces(Optical Society of America, 2016) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Navarro, Rafael; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more A rigorous and powerful theoretical framework is proposed to obtain systems of orthogonal functions (or shape modes) to represent optical surfaces. The method is general so it can be applied to different initial shapes and different polynomials. Here we present results for surfaces with circular apertures when the first basis function (mode) is a conicoid. The system for aspheres with rotational symmetry is obtained applying an appropriate change of variables to Legendre polynomials, whereas the system for general freeform case is obtained applying a similar procedure to spherical harmonics. Numerical comparisons with standard systems, such as Forbes and Zernike polynomials, are performed and discussed.Show more Publication Open Access The swallowtail integral in the highly oscillatory region III(Taylor & Francis, 2021) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We consider the swallowtail integral Ψ(x,y,z):=∫∞−∞ei(t5+xt3+yt2+zt)dt for large values of |z| and bounded values of |x| and |y|. The integrand of the swallowtail integral oscillates wildly in this region and the asymptotic analysis is subtle. The standard saddle point method is complicated and then we use the modified saddle point method introduced in López et al., A systematization of the saddle point method application to the Airy and Hankel functions. J Math Anal Appl. 2009;354:347–359. The analysis is more straightforward with this method and it is possible to derive complete asymptotic expansions of Ψ(x,y,z) for large |z| and fixed x and y. The asymptotic analysis requires the study of three different regions for argz separated by three Stokes lines in the sector −πShow more Publication Open Access The swallowtail integral in the highly oscillatory region II(Kent State University, 2020) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We analyze the asymptotic behavior of the swallowtail integral R ∞ −∞ e i(t 5+xt3+yt2+zt)dt for large values of |y| and bounded values of |x| and |z|. We use the simpli ed saddle point method introduced in [López et al., 2009]. With this method, the analysis is more straightforward than with the standard saddle point method and it is possible to derive complete asymptotic expansions of the integral for large |y| and xed x and z. There are four Stokes lines in the sector (−π, π] that divide the complex y−plane in four sectors in which the swallowtail integral behaves di erently when |y| is large. The asymptotic approximation is the sum of two asymptotic series whose terms are elementary functions of x, y and z. One of them is of Poincaré type and is given in terms of inverse powers of y 1/2 . The other one is given in terms of an asymptotic sequence of the order O(y −n/9 ) when |y| → ∞, and it is multiplied by an exponential factor that behaves di erently in the four mentioned sectors. Some numerical experiments illustrate the accuracy of the approximation.Show more Publication Open Access Asymptotic approximation of a highly oscillatory integral with application to the canonical catastrophe integrals(Wiley, 2023) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We consider the highly oscillatory integral 𝐹(𝑤) ∶= ∫ ∞ −∞ 𝑒𝑖𝑤(𝑡𝐾+2+𝑒𝑖𝜃𝑡𝑝) 𝑔(𝑡)𝑑𝑡 for large positive values of 𝑤, −𝜋 < 𝜃 ≤ 𝜋, 𝐾 and 𝑝 positive integers with 1 ≤ 𝑝 ≤ 𝐾, and 𝑔(𝑡) an entire function. The standard saddle point method is complicated and we use here a simplified version of this method introduced by López et al. We derive an asymptotic approximation of this integral when 𝑤 → +∞ for general values of 𝐾 and 𝑝 in terms of elementary functions, and determine the Stokes lines. For 𝑝 ≠ 1, the asymptotic behavior of this integral may be classified in four different regions according to the even/odd character of the couple of parameters 𝐾 and 𝑝; the special case 𝑝=1 requires a separate analysis. As an important application, we consider the family of canonical catastrophe integrals Ψ𝐾(𝑥1, 𝑥2,…,𝑥𝐾) for large values of one of its variables, say 𝑥𝑝, and bounded values of the remaining ones. This family of integrals may be written in the form 𝐹(𝑤) for appropriate values of the parameters 𝑤, 𝜃 and the function 𝑔(𝑡). Then, we derive an asymptotic approximation of the family of canonical catastrophe integrals for large |𝑥𝑝|. The approximations are accompanied by several numerical experiments. The asymptotic formulas presented here fill up a gap in the NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions by Olver et al.Show more