# Person: López García, José Luis

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López García

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José Luis

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Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas

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InaMat2. Instituto de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados y Matemáticas

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0000-0002-6050-9015

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2369

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Publication Open Access Orthogonal basis with a conicoid first mode for shape specification of optical surfaces(Optical Society of America, 2016) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Navarro, Rafael; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more A rigorous and powerful theoretical framework is proposed to obtain systems of orthogonal functions (or shape modes) to represent optical surfaces. The method is general so it can be applied to different initial shapes and different polynomials. Here we present results for surfaces with circular apertures when the first basis function (mode) is a conicoid. The system for aspheres with rotational symmetry is obtained applying an appropriate change of variables to Legendre polynomials, whereas the system for general freeform case is obtained applying a similar procedure to spherical harmonics. Numerical comparisons with standard systems, such as Forbes and Zernike polynomials, are performed and discussed.Show more Publication Open Access The swallowtail integral in the highly oscillatory region III(Taylor & Francis, 2021) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We consider the swallowtail integral Ψ(x,y,z):=∫∞−∞ei(t5+xt3+yt2+zt)dt for large values of |z| and bounded values of |x| and |y|. The integrand of the swallowtail integral oscillates wildly in this region and the asymptotic analysis is subtle. The standard saddle point method is complicated and then we use the modified saddle point method introduced in López et al., A systematization of the saddle point method application to the Airy and Hankel functions. J Math Anal Appl. 2009;354:347–359. The analysis is more straightforward with this method and it is possible to derive complete asymptotic expansions of Ψ(x,y,z) for large |z| and fixed x and y. The asymptotic analysis requires the study of three different regions for argz separated by three Stokes lines in the sector −πShow more Publication Open Access The swallowtail integral in the highly oscillatory region II(Kent State University, 2020) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We analyze the asymptotic behavior of the swallowtail integral R ∞ −∞ e i(t 5+xt3+yt2+zt)dt for large values of |y| and bounded values of |x| and |z|. We use the simpli ed saddle point method introduced in [López et al., 2009]. With this method, the analysis is more straightforward than with the standard saddle point method and it is possible to derive complete asymptotic expansions of the integral for large |y| and xed x and z. There are four Stokes lines in the sector (−π, π] that divide the complex y−plane in four sectors in which the swallowtail integral behaves di erently when |y| is large. The asymptotic approximation is the sum of two asymptotic series whose terms are elementary functions of x, y and z. One of them is of Poincaré type and is given in terms of inverse powers of y 1/2 . The other one is given in terms of an asymptotic sequence of the order O(y −n/9 ) when |y| → ∞, and it is multiplied by an exponential factor that behaves di erently in the four mentioned sectors. Some numerical experiments illustrate the accuracy of the approximation.Show more Publication Open Access Generalization of Zernike polynomials for regular portions of circles and ellipses(Optical Society of America, 2014) Navarro, Rafael; López García, José Luis; Díaz, José A.; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more Zernike polynomials are commonly used to represent the wavefront phase on circular optical apertures, since they form a complete and orthonormal basis on the unit circle. Here, we present a generalization of this Zernike basis for a variety of important optical apertures. On the contrary to ad hoc solutions, most of them based on the Gram-Schmidt orthonormalization method, here we apply the diffeomorphism (mapping that has a differentiable inverse mapping) that transforms the unit circle into an angular sector of an elliptical annulus. In this way, other apertures, such as ellipses, rings, angular sectors, etc. are also included as particular cases. This generalization, based on in-plane warping of the basis functions, provides a unique solution and what is more important, it guarantees a reasonable level of invariance of the mathematical properties and the physical meaning of the initial basis functions. Both, the general form and the explicit expressions for most common, elliptical and annular apertures are provided.Show more Publication Open Access The use of two-point Taylor expansions in singular one-dimensional boundary value problems I(Elsevier, 2018) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Matematika eta Informatika Ingeniaritza; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Ingeniería Matemática e InformáticaShow more We consider the second-order linear differential equation (x + 1)y′′ + f(x)y′ + g(x)y = h(x) in the interval (−1, 1) with initial conditions or boundary conditions (Dirichlet, Neumann or mixed Dirichlet-Neumann). The functions f(x), g(x) and h(x) are analytic in a Cassini disk Dr with foci at x = ±1 containing the interval [−1, 1]. Then, the end point of the interval x = −1 may be a regular singular point of the differential equation. The two-point Taylor expansion of the solution y(x) at the end points ±1 is used to study the space of analytic solutions in Dr of the differential equation, and to give a criterion for the existence and uniqueness of analytic solutions of the boundary value problem. This method is constructive and provides the two-point Taylor approximation of the analytic solutions when they exist.Show more Publication Open Access New series expansions of the 3F2 function(2015) López García, José Luis; Pagola Martínez, Pedro Jesús; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more We can use the power series definition of 3F2(a1, a2, a3; b1, b2; z) to compute this function for z in the unit disk only. In this paper we obtain new expansions of this function that are convergent in larger domains. Some of these expansions involve the polynomial 3F2(a1,−n, a3; b1, b2; z) evaluated at certain points z. Other expansions involve the Gauss hypergeometric function 2F1. The domain of convergence is sometimes a disk, other times a half-plane, other times the region |z|2 < 4|1 − z|. The accuracy of the approximation given by these expansions is illustrated with numerical experiments.Show more Publication Open Access A convergent version of Watson’s lemma for double integrals(Taylor & Francis, 2022) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more A modification of Watson’s lemma for Laplace transforms ∞ 0 f(t) e−zt dt was introduced in [Nielsen, 1906], deriving a new asymptotic expansion for large |z| with the extra property of being convergent as well. Inspired in that idea, in this paper we derive asymptotic expansions of two-dimensional Laplace transforms F(x, y) := ∞ 0 ∞ 0 f(t,s) e−xt−ys dt ds for large |x| and |y| that are also convergent. The expansions of F(x, y) are accompanied by error bounds. Asymptotic and convergent expansions of some specialfunctions are given as illustration.Show more Publication Open Access Orthogonal basis for the optical transfer function(Optical Society of America, 2016) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Navarro, Rafael; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more We propose systems of orthogonal functions qn to represent optical transfer functions (OTF) characterized by including the diffraction-limited OTF as the first basis function q0 OTF perfect. To this end, we apply a powerful and rigorous theoretical framework based on applying the appropriate change of variables to well-known orthogonal systems. Here we depart from Legendre polynomials for the particular case of rotationally symmetric OTF and from spherical harmonics for the general case. Numerical experiments with different examples show that the number of terms necessary to obtain an accurate linear expansion of the OTF mainly depends on the image quality. In the rotationally symmetric case we obtained a reasonable accuracy with approximately 10 basis functions, but in general, for cases of poor image quality, the number of basis functions may increase and hence affect the efficiency of the method. Other potential applications, such as new image quality metrics are also discussed.Show more Publication Open Access On a modifcation of Olver's method: a special case(Springer US, 2016) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Matematika eta Informatika IngeniaritzaShow more We consider the asymptotic method designed by Olver (Asymptotics and special functions. Academic Press, New York, 1974) for linear differential equations of the second order containing a large (asymptotic) parameter : xm y −2 y = g(x)y, with m ∈ Z and g continuous. Olver studies in detail the cases m = 2, especially the cases m = 0, ±1, giving the Poincaré-type asymptotic expansions of two independent solutions of the equation. The case m = 2 is different, as the behavior of the solutions for large is not of exponential type, but of power type. In this case, Olver’s theory does not give many details. We consider here the special case m = 2. We propose two different techniques to handle the problem: (1) a modification of Olver’s method that replaces the role of the exponential approximations by power approximations, and (2) the transformation of the differential problem into a fixed point problem from which we construct an asymptotic sequence of functions that converges to the unique solution of the problem. Moreover, we show that this second technique may also be applied to nonlinear differential equations with a large parameter.Show more Publication Open Access Convergent and asymptotic methods for second-order difference equations with a large parameter(Springer, 2018) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Matematika eta Informatika Ingeniaritza; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Ingeniería Matemática e Informática; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We consider the second-order linear difference equation y(n+2)−2ay(n+1)−Λ2y(n)=g(n)y(n)+f(n)y(n+1) , where Λ is a large complex parameter, a≥0 and g and f are sequences of complex numbers. Two methods are proposed to find the asymptotic behavior for large |Λ|of the solutions of this equation: (i) an iterative method based on a fixed point method and (ii) a discrete version of Olver’s method for second-order linear differential equations. Both methods provide an asymptotic expansion of every solution of this equation. The expansion given by the first method is also convergent and may be applied to nonlinear problems. Bounds for the remainders are also given. We illustrate the accuracy of both methods for the modified Bessel functions and the associated Legendre functions of the first kind.Show more

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