# Person: López García, José Luis

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López García

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José Luis

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Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas

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InaMat2. Instituto de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados y Matemáticas

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0000-0002-6050-9015

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2369

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Publication Open Access Series representations of the Volterra function and the Fransén–Robinson constant(Elsevier, 2021) López García, José Luis; Pagola Martínez, Pedro Jesús; Palacios Herrero, Pablo; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more The Volterra function μ(t,β,α) was introduced by Vito Volterra in 1916 as the solution to certain integral equations with a logarithmic kernel. Despite the large number of applications of the Volterra function, the only known analytic representations of this function are given in terms of integrals. In this paper we derive several convergent expansion of μ(t,β,α) in terms of incomplete gamma functions. These expansions may be used to implement numerical evaluation techniques for this function. As a particular application, we derive a numerical series representation of the Fransén–Robinson constant F := µ(1, 1, 0) = R ∞ 0 1 Γ(x) dx. Some numerical examples illustrate the accuracy of the approximationsShow more Publication Open Access The uniform asymptotic method "saddle point near an end point" revisited(Elsevier, 2024) López García, José Luis; Pagola Martínez, Pedro Jesús; Palacios Herrero, Pablo; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertistate PublikoaShow more We continue the program initiated in [López & all, 2009–2011] to simplify asymptotic methods for integrals: in this paper we revise the uniform method ‘‘saddle point near an end point’’. We obtain a more systematic version of this uniform asymptotic method where the computation of the coefficients of the asymptotic expansion is remarkably simpler than in the classical method. On the other hand, as in the standard method, the asymptotic sequence is given in terms of parabolic cylinder functions. New asymptotic expansions of the confluent hypergeometric functions 𝑀(𝑐, 𝑥∕𝛼 + 𝑐 + 1, 𝑥) and 𝑈(𝑐, 𝛼𝑥 + 𝑐 + 1, 𝑥) for large 𝑥, 𝑐 fixed, uniformly valid for 𝛼 ∈ (0, ∞), are given as an illustration.Show more Publication Open Access New recurrence relations for several classical families of polynomials(Taylor and Francis, 2021) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more In this paper, we derive new recurrence relations for the following families of polynomials: nörlund polynomials, generalized Bernoulli polynomials, generalized Euler polynomials, Bernoulli polynomials of the second kind, Buchholz polynomials, generalized Bessel polynomials and generalized Apostol–Euler polynomials. The recurrence relations are derived from a differential equation of first order and a Cauchy integral representation obtained from the generating function of these polynomials.Show more Publication Open Access Asymptotic approximation of a highly oscillatory integral with application to the canonical catastrophe integrals(Wiley, 2023) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We consider the highly oscillatory integral 𝐹(𝑤) ∶= ∫ ∞ −∞ 𝑒𝑖𝑤(𝑡𝐾+2+𝑒𝑖𝜃𝑡𝑝) 𝑔(𝑡)𝑑𝑡 for large positive values of 𝑤, −𝜋 < 𝜃 ≤ 𝜋, 𝐾 and 𝑝 positive integers with 1 ≤ 𝑝 ≤ 𝐾, and 𝑔(𝑡) an entire function. The standard saddle point method is complicated and we use here a simplified version of this method introduced by López et al. We derive an asymptotic approximation of this integral when 𝑤 → +∞ for general values of 𝐾 and 𝑝 in terms of elementary functions, and determine the Stokes lines. For 𝑝 ≠ 1, the asymptotic behavior of this integral may be classified in four different regions according to the even/odd character of the couple of parameters 𝐾 and 𝑝; the special case 𝑝=1 requires a separate analysis. As an important application, we consider the family of canonical catastrophe integrals Ψ𝐾(𝑥1, 𝑥2,…,𝑥𝐾) for large values of one of its variables, say 𝑥𝑝, and bounded values of the remaining ones. This family of integrals may be written in the form 𝐹(𝑤) for appropriate values of the parameters 𝑤, 𝜃 and the function 𝑔(𝑡). Then, we derive an asymptotic approximation of the family of canonical catastrophe integrals for large |𝑥𝑝|. The approximations are accompanied by several numerical experiments. The asymptotic formulas presented here fill up a gap in the NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions by Olver et al.Show more Publication Open Access Uniform convergent expansions of integral transforms(American Mathematical Society, 2021) López García, José Luis; Palacios Herrero, Pablo; Pagola Martínez, Pedro Jesús; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more Several convergent expansions are available for most of the special functions of the mathematical physics, as well as some asymptotic expansions [NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions, 2010]. Usually, both type of expansions are given in terms of elementary functions; the convergent expansions provide a good approximation for small values of a certain variable, whereas the asymptotic expansions provide a good approximation for large values of that variable. Also, quite often, those expansions are not uniform: the convergent expansions fail for large values of the variable and the asymptotic expansions fail for small values. In recent papers [Bujanda & all, 2018-2019] we have designed new expansions of certain special functions, given in terms of elementary functions, that are uniform in certain variables, providing good approximations of those special functions in large regions of the variables, in particular for large and small values of the variables. The technique used in [Bujanda & all, 2018-2019] is based on a suitable integral representation of the special function. In this paper we face the problem of designing a general theory of uniform approximations of special functions based on their integral representations. Then, we consider the following integral transform of a function g(t) with kernel h(t, z), F(z) := 1 0 h(t, z)g(t)dt. We require for the function h(t, z) to be uniformly bounded for z ∈D⊂ C by a function H(t) integrable in t ∈ [0, 1], and for the function g(t) to be analytic in an open region Ω that contains the open interval (0, 1). Then, we derive expansions of F(z) in terms of the moments of the function h, M[h(·, z), n] := 1 0 h(t, z)tndt, that are uniformly convergent for z ∈ D. The convergence of the expansion is of exponential order O(a−n), a > 1, when [0, 1] ∈ Ω and of power order O(n−b), b > 0, when [0, 1] ∈/ Ω. Most of the special functions F(z) having an integral representation may be cast in this form, possibly after an appropriate change of the integration variable. Then, special interest has the case when the moments M[h(·, z), n] are elementary functions of z, because in that case the uniformly convergent expansion derived for F(z) is given in terms of elementary functions. We illustrate the theory with several examples of special functions different from those considered in [Bujanda & all, 2018-2019].Show more Publication Open Access An asymptotic expansion of the hyberbolic umbilic catastrophe integral(Springer, 2022) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We obtain an asymptotic expansion of the hyperbolic umbilic catastrophe integral Ψ(H) (x,y,z) := ∫∞−∞∫∞−∞exp(i(s3+t3+zst +yt+xs))ds dt for large values of |x| and bounded values of |y| and |z|. The expansion is given in terms of Airy functions and inverse powers of x. There is only one Stokes ray at argx=π . We use the modified saddle point method introduced in (López et al. J Math Anal Appl 354(1):347–359, 2009). The accuracy and the asymptotic character of the approximations are illustrated with numerical experiments.Show more Publication Open Access Uniformly convergent expansions for the generalized hypergeometric functions p –1Fp and pFp(Taylor & Francis, 2020) López García, José Luis; Pagola Martínez, Pedro Jesús; Karp, D. B.; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more We derive a convergent expansion of the generalized hypergeometric function p−1 F p in terms of the Bessel functions 0 F 1 that holds uniformly with respect to the argument in any horizontal strip of the complex plane. We further obtain a convergent expansion of the generalized hypergeometric function p F p in terms of the confluent hypergeometric functions 1 F 1 that holds uniformly in any right half-plane. For both functions, we make a further step forward and give convergent expansions in terms of trigonometric, exponential and rational functions that hold uniformly in the same domains. For all four expansions we present explicit error bounds. The accuracy of the approximations is illustrated by some numerical experiments.Show more Publication Open Access Analysis of singular one-dimensional linear boundary value problems using two-point Taylor expansions(University of Szeged (Hungría), 2020) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more We consider the second-order linear differential equation (x2 − 1)y'' + f (x)y′ + g(x)y = h(x) in the interval (−1, 1) with initial conditions or boundary conditions (Dirichlet, Neumann or mixed Dirichlet–Neumann). The functions f, g and h are analytic in a Cassini disk Dr with foci at x = ±1 containing the interval [−1, 1]. Then, the two end points of the interval may be regular singular points of the differential equation. The two-point Taylor expansion of the solution y(x) at the end points ±1 is used to study the space of analytic solutions in Dr of the differential equation, and to give a criterion for the existence and uniqueness of analytic solutions of the boundary value problem. This method is constructive and provides the two-point Taylor appro-ximation of the analytic solutions when they exist.Show more Publication Open Access An analytic representation of the second symmetric standard elliptic integral in terms of elementary functions(Springer, 2022) Bujanda Cirauqui, Blanca; López García, José Luis; Pagola Martínez, Pedro Jesús; Palacios Herrero, Pablo; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We derive new convergent expansions of the symmetric standard elliptic integral RD(x,y,z), for x,y,z∈C∖(−∞,0], in terms of elementary functions. The expansions hold uniformly for large and small values of one of the three variables x, y or z (with the other two fixed). We proceed by considering a more general parametric integral from which RD(x,y,z) is a particular case. It turns out that this parametric integral is an integral representation of the Appell function F1(a;b,c;a+1;x,y). Therefore, as a byproduct, we deduce convergent expansions of F1(a;b,c;a+1;x,y). We also compute error bounds at any order of the approximation. Some numerical examples show the accuracy of the expansions and their uniform features.Show more Publication Open Access The swallowtail integral in the highly oscillatory region II(Kent State University, 2020) Ferreira González, Chelo; López García, José Luis; Pérez Sinusía, Ester; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute for Advanced Materials and Mathematics - INAMAT2; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more We analyze the asymptotic behavior of the swallowtail integral R ∞ −∞ e i(t 5+xt3+yt2+zt)dt for large values of |y| and bounded values of |x| and |z|. We use the simpli ed saddle point method introduced in [López et al., 2009]. With this method, the analysis is more straightforward than with the standard saddle point method and it is possible to derive complete asymptotic expansions of the integral for large |y| and xed x and z. There are four Stokes lines in the sector (−π, π] that divide the complex y−plane in four sectors in which the swallowtail integral behaves di erently when |y| is large. The asymptotic approximation is the sum of two asymptotic series whose terms are elementary functions of x, y and z. One of them is of Poincaré type and is given in terms of inverse powers of y 1/2 . The other one is given in terms of an asymptotic sequence of the order O(y −n/9 ) when |y| → ∞, and it is multiplied by an exponential factor that behaves di erently in the four mentioned sectors. Some numerical experiments illustrate the accuracy of the approximation.Show more