# Publication: Material fisikoen erabilera aritmetikan; LHko 1. zikloan

2013

## Authors

Otazu Larrasoaña, Uxua

## Director

Acceso abierto / Sarbide irekia

## Abstract

Aritmetika matematika arloaren barne lantzen den atal garrantzitsua da. Bereziki, ikasleek eragiketak nola egiten diren ikasteko, ulertzeko eta indartzeko irakasten dena. Horregatik, Gradu Bukaerako lanean zehar atal horren inguruan egindako azterketa garatzen da, aritmetika lantzerakoan zer nolako material fisikoak erabiltzen diren eta hauen erabilera. Horretarako, azterketa aurrera eramateko lagin zehatz bat aukeratu da, honen kopurua eta bizitokia ere. Behin hau finkatuta dagoelarik, orduan hainbat hipotesiak planteatu dira. Ondoren marko teorikoa, gero metodoak, emaitzak eta hausnarketa. Azkenik, hipotesiekin eta lortutako emaitzekin, ondorioak atera dira. Laburbilduz, material fisikoak eskola batean beharrezkoak direla esan daiteke, ikasleek landu behar dituzten kontzeptu berriak hobe ulertzen laguntzen dielako.

Arithmetics is an important section within the field of mathematics, where students learn how to procedure in different operations, and also to understand and fix those proceedings that teacher explains. Thus, through the final Grade dissertation it has been carried out a research within this field, but focusing especially on the type of material that is used when working with arithmetics, and the sort of uses it has. In order to do that, a specific sample has been chosen, together with its number and place of residence. Once this has been established, different questionnaires have been done in order to prove and compare some hypothesis. Later, the theoretical framework, methodology and discussion of the results are explained. Finally, some conclusions have arisen with the hypothesis and the results that have appeared. To sum up, we can conclude by saying that physical materials are necessary in the classroom since those help students to understand new concepts within the field of arithmetics.

## Keywords

Aritmética, Regletas de Cuisenaire, Bingo y dominó, Materiales físicos, Aritmetika, Cuisenaire erregelak, Dominoa eta bingoa, Material fisikoak, Arithmetics, Cuisenaire rods, Bingo and domino, Physical materials

## Faculty/School

Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales / Giza eta Gizarte Zientzien Fakultatea