Now showing items 1-20 of 20

    • The atomic business: structures and strategies 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Connors, D.P. (Routledge, 2020)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Nuclear energy was one among business opportunities brought by the take off in science and technology after the Second World War. The narratives of the milestones of atomic history neglect the commercial, industrial and ...
    • Las dimensiones sociales de la percepción de la energía nuclear. Un análisis del caso español (1960-2015) 

      Espluga Trenc, Josep; Medina, Beatriz; Presas, Albert; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid (CSIC, 2017)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      La energía nuclear es una tecnología compleja, que requiere un uso muy intensivo de recursos y una toma de decisiones muy centralizada, cuya gobernanza supone un auténtico reto para las sociedades democráticas. En el ...
    • Electricidad nuclear y procesos de aprendizaje: el papel de Westinghouse y de General Electric en la experiencia española (c. 1955-1973) 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Universitat de Barcelona, Departament d'Història i Institucions Econòmiques, 2018)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Este artículo explora los procesos de aprendizaje y de transferencia tecnológica que situaron a España entre los firstcomers de la energía nuclear a finales de los años sesenta. Se trata de un ejemplo de industria naciente ...
    • Energy and economic growth: the stylized facts 

      Csereklyei, Zsuzsanna; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Stern, David I. (IAEE, 2016)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      We summarize what we know about energy and economic growth in a set of stylized facts. We combine analysis of a panel data set of 99 countries from 1971 to 2010 with analysis of some longer run historical data. Our key ...
    • The energy and gross domestic product causality nexus in Latin America 1900-2010 

      Leiva, Benjamín; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (EconJournals, 2020)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      A better understanding of the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth is important for the less developed regions of the world such as Africa or Latin America, which future might be compromised by the ...
    • Energy as an indicator of modernization in Latin America, 1890-1925 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Yáñez, César; Folchi, Mauricio; Carreras, Albert (Wiley, 2010)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      In the absence of comparable macroeconomic indicators for most of the Latin American economies before the 1930s, the apparent consumption of energy is used in this paper as a proxy of the degree of modernization of Latin ...
    • The Energy Mix Concentration Index (EMCI): methodological considerations for implementation 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Muñoz Delgado, Beatriz (Elsevier B.V., 2019)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      The Energy Mix Concentration Index (EMCI)is a quantitative indicator of concentration of the energy mix based upon the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index. We use the EMCI to compare the evolution of the diversification (versus ...
    • Engineers and scientists as commercial agents of the Spanish nuclear programme 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Sanz Lafuente, María Gloria Upna Orcid (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018)   Capítulo de libro / Liburuen kapitulua  OpenAccess
      We aim at analysing the role of engineers and scientists as agents of economic modernization in Spain, which at the time was an underdeveloped economy ruled by an authoritarian regime.
    • The First World War and the Latin American transition from coal to petroleum 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Elsevier, 2019)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      While it is true that the precise nature of the future energy transition is uncertain, and no standardized transition is expected as such, it is also true that the energy transition phenomenon can only be described as an ...
    • Freshwater for cooling needs: a long-run approach to the nuclear water footprint in Spain 

      Sesma Martín, Diego Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Elsevier, 2017)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      From the invention of the steam engine to the present, water has represented a significant input to the energy system, although this has been mostly ignored in the literature. In Spain, the most arid country in Europe, ...
    • Learning by doing: the first Spanish nuclear power plant 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Cambridge University Press, 2018)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      In the nuclear sector, turnkey projects can be considered an investment in obtaining information through “learning by doing” to capture rents from the next generation of reactors. As the first U.S. turnkey export project, ...
    • Long-term diversification paths and energy transitions in Europe 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Muñoz Delgado, Beatriz (Elsevier B.V., 2019)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      The authors propose a synthetic indicator that allows one to compare and contrast the evolution of the composition of the primary energy baskets of eight European countries over the last two centuries, and quantitatively ...
    • Machines and energy. Energy capital ratios in Europe and Latin America 1875 - 1970' 

      Ducoing, Cristián; Gales, Ben; Hölsgens, Rick; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Taylor & Francis, 2018)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      The relationship between energy and capital is one of the most important aspects of modern economic growth. Machines need energy to produce all the goods we enjoy; energy would be far less useful for humankind in absence ...
    • Nuclear engineering and technology transfer: the Spanish strategies to deal with US, French and German nuclear manufacturers, 1955–1985 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Sánchez Sánchez, Esther M.; Sanz Lafuente, María Gloria Upna Orcid (Routledge, 2020)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      We analysed the process of construction and connection to the electrical grid of four Spanish nuclear power plants with different financial and technological foreign partners: those of Zorita (PWR by Westinghouse), Garoña ...
    • Nuclear power for a dictatorship: state and business involvement in the Spanish atomic program 1950-1985 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid (SAGE, 2016)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Spain was the first developing country to exploit a nuclear power plant commercially. By the early 1970s Spain had become the major nuclear client of the USA, the world’s largest reactor exporter. Despite its importance, ...
    • Siting (and mining) at the border Spain-Portugal nuclear transboundary issues 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Carvalho, Antoni; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid (Brepols, 2018)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      This article is focused on nuclear transboundary issues between Portugal and Spain, two countries that share a long history of nuclear collaboration and conflict of late, where national borders played a crucial role. The ...
    • The use of water for power generation in the most arid country in Europe: the thermoelectric water footprint in Spain 

      Sesma Martín, Diego Upna Orcid (2019)   Tesis doctoral / Doktoretza tesia  OpenAccess
      Esta tesis es un compendio de tres trabajos finalizados y publicados durante mi periodo como estudiante de doctorado. El primer trabajo muestra evidencia de la falta de estadísticas oficiales y la inconsistencia entre las ...
    • Validated short country reports 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar (compiladora) Upna Orcid (2019)   Informe / Txostena  OpenAccess
      This is the longest of the deliverables produced by the research consortium HoNEST (short for "History of Nuclear Energy and Society". HoNESt's central objective was to understand how societies have engaged with nuclear ...
    • The weak data on the water–energy nexus in Spain 

      Sesma Martín, Diego Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (IWA Publishing, 2019)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      This paper focuses on the fact that the water–energy nexus remains an irrelevant issue on the energy policy agenda and on the priorities of the energy leaders in Spain. This is a striking fact given that this takes place ...
    • Will small energy consumers be faster in transition? Evidence from the early shift from coal to oil in Latin America 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Folchi, Mauricio (Elsevier, 2012)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      This paper provide evidence of the early transition from coal to oil for 20 Latin American countries over the first half of the 20th century, which does not fit the transition experiences of large energy consumers. These ...