Now showing items 1-20 of 29

    • 200 years diversifying the energy mix? Diversification paths of the energy baskets of European early comers vs. latecomers 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Muñoz Delgado, Beatriz (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2017)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The changes in the composition of the energy basket in the long run lead to energy transitions. Primary energy substitution models allow addressing these phenomena. However, the diversification paths of the energy mix of ...
    • Agua dulce para refrigeración: una visión a largo plazo de la huella hídrica de las centrales nucleares en España 

      Sesma Martín, Diego Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (2016)   Contribución a congreso / Biltzarrerako ekarpena  OpenAccess
      Objectives: our research pioneers a first approximation to the water footprint of the Spanish nuclear power plants operating with freshwater from 1969 to the present. Our aim is to calculate the consumptive use of water ...
    • At the crossroad between green and thirsty: carbon emissions and water consumption of Spanish thermoelectricity generation, 1969–2019 

      Cano-Rodríguez, Sara; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Sesma Martín, Diego Upna Orcid (Elsevier, 2022)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      The energy sector is the main contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and one of the thirstiest sectors worldwide. Within the energy sector, thermoelectricity directly impacts on both emissions and water. This study assesses ...
    • The atomic business: structures and strategies 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Connors, D.P. (Routledge, 2020)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Nuclear energy was one among business opportunities brought by the take off in science and technology after the Second World War. The narratives of the milestones of atomic history neglect the commercial, industrial and ...
    • Las dimensiones sociales de la percepción de la energía nuclear. Un análisis del caso español (1960-2015) 

      Espluga Trenc, Josep; Medina, Beatriz; Presas, Albert; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid (CSIC, 2017)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      La energía nuclear es una tecnología compleja, que requiere un uso muy intensivo de recursos y una toma de decisiones muy centralizada, cuya gobernanza supone un auténtico reto para las sociedades democráticas. En el ...
    • Electricidad nuclear y procesos de aprendizaje: el papel de Westinghouse y de General Electric en la experiencia española (c. 1955-1973) 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Universitat de Barcelona, Departament d'Història i Institucions Econòmiques, 2018)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Este artículo explora los procesos de aprendizaje y de transferencia tecnológica que situaron a España entre los firstcomers de la energía nuclear a finales de los años sesenta. Se trata de un ejemplo de industria naciente ...
    • Energy and economic growth: the stylized facts 

      Csereklyei, Zsuzsanna; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Stern, David I. (IAEE, 2016)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      We summarize what we know about energy and economic growth in a set of stylized facts. We combine analysis of a panel data set of 99 countries from 1971 to 2010 with analysis of some longer run historical data. Our key ...
    • The energy and gross domestic product causality nexus in Latin America 1900-2010 

      Leiva, Benjamín; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (EconJournals, 2020)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      A better understanding of the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth is important for the less developed regions of the world such as Africa or Latin America, which future might be compromised by the ...
    • Energy as an indicator of modernization in Latin America, 1890-1925 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Yáñez, César; Folchi, Mauricio; Carreras, Albert (Wiley, 2010)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      In the absence of comparable macroeconomic indicators for most of the Latin American economies before the 1930s, the apparent consumption of energy is used in this paper as a proxy of the degree of modernization of Latin ...
    • The Energy Mix Concentration Index (EMCI): methodological considerations for implementation 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Muñoz Delgado, Beatriz (Elsevier B.V., 2019)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      The Energy Mix Concentration Index (EMCI)is a quantitative indicator of concentration of the energy mix based upon the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index. We use the EMCI to compare the evolution of the diversification (versus ...
    • Engineers and scientists as commercial agents of the Spanish nuclear programme 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Sanz Lafuente, María Gloria Upna Orcid (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018)   Capítulo de libro / Liburuen kapitulua  OpenAccess
      We aim at analysing the role of engineers and scientists as agents of economic modernization in Spain, which at the time was an underdeveloped economy ruled by an authoritarian regime.
    • El Estado y el desarrollo de la energía nuclear en España, c. 1950-1985 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Asociación Española de Historia Económica (AEHE), 2014)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Tres décadas después de la decisión gubernamental de paralizar y replantear el programa atómico español que se había diseñado en los años del desarrollismo, la controversia permanece abierta. Pese a su relevancia, la ...
    • La financiación exterior del desarrollo industrial español a través del IEME 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid (Banco de España, 2015)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      El objetivo central del trabajo es, en primer lugar, reconstruir las grandes cifras del capital exterior que contribuyó a la financiación del desarrollo industrial de España entre 1950 y 1982; y, en segundo lugar, estudiar ...
    • The First World War and the Latin American transition from coal to petroleum 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Elsevier, 2019)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      While it is true that the precise nature of the future energy transition is uncertain, and no standardized transition is expected as such, it is also true that the energy transition phenomenon can only be described as an ...
    • Freshwater for cooling needs: a long-run approach to the nuclear water footprint in Spain 

      Sesma Martín, Diego Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Elsevier, 2017)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      From the invention of the steam engine to the present, water has represented a significant input to the energy system, although this has been mostly ignored in the literature. In Spain, the most arid country in Europe, ...
    • Historia del uranio en España: de la minería a la fabricación del combustible nuclear, c. 1900-1986: reseña 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Asociación Española de Historia Económica, 2022)   Reseña / Aipamena  OpenAccess
      Reseña del libro de Esther Sánchez y Santiago López en el que se aborda la historia del uranio en España que, en términos generales, no ha recibido tanta atención historiográfica como las centrales nucleares. Se trata de ...
    • Indicators and recommendations for assessing sustainable healthy diets 

      Martínez Aldaya, Maite Upna Orcid; Ibáñez Moya, Francisco C. Upna Orcid; Domínguez-Lacueva, Paula; Murillo Arbizu, María Teresa Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Soret Lafraya, Beatriz Upna Orcid; Beriain Apesteguía, María José Upna Orcid (MDPI, 2021)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      Research coupling human nutrition and sustainability concerns is a rapidly developing field, which is essential to guide governments' policies. This critical and comprehensive review analyzes indicators and approaches to ...
    • Learning by doing: the first Spanish nuclear power plant 

      Torre Campo, Joseba de la Upna Orcid; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Cambridge University Press, 2018)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      In the nuclear sector, turnkey projects can be considered an investment in obtaining information through “learning by doing” to capture rents from the next generation of reactors. As the first U.S. turnkey export project, ...
    • Long-term diversification paths and energy transitions in Europe 

      Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid; Muñoz Delgado, Beatriz (Elsevier B.V., 2019)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      The authors propose a synthetic indicator that allows one to compare and contrast the evolution of the composition of the primary energy baskets of eight European countries over the last two centuries, and quantitatively ...
    • Machines and energy. Energy capital ratios in Europe and Latin America 1875 - 1970' 

      Ducoing, Cristián; Gales, Ben; Hölsgens, Rick; Rubio Varas, María del Mar Upna Orcid (Taylor & Francis, 2018)   Artículo / Artikulua  OpenAccess
      The relationship between energy and capital is one of the most important aspects of modern economic growth. Machines need energy to produce all the goods we enjoy; energy would be far less useful for humankind in absence ...