Progress in gully erosion research: IV International Symposium on Gully Erosion
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Libro / Liburua
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The classic forms of water erosion of the soil comprise sheet, rill, and gully erosion. According to the concept most generalized, in sheet erosion, thin layers of material are uniformly removed from the soil surface due to the action of an overland flow, in a homogeneous manner, over the area affected. This results in a normally very gradual and inappreciable loss of soil. However, in rill an ... [++]
The classic forms of water erosion of the soil comprise sheet, rill, and gully erosion. According to the concept most generalized, in sheet erosion, thin layers of material are uniformly removed from the soil surface due to the action of an overland flow, in a homogeneous manner, over the area affected. This results in a normally very gradual and inappreciable loss of soil. However, in rill and gully erosion, the soil loss is caused by the intense action of a concentrated flow, which thus triggers the formation of small or large channels, i.e. rills or gullies, although the mechanisms implicated in either form of concentrated flow erosion are not identical. One of the main differences probably lies in the (much) greater interrelation between the roughness of the channel bed and the hydraulics of the water flow observed in a eroded rill, with respect to what occurs in a typical gully. So, the latter, as a physical process, deserves a special and specific study. Gully erosion, of world-wide importance, is catalogued by some of the principal centres devoted to soil resource conservation as being the foremost problem to be solved. As it is one of the most serious forms of water erosion, this phenomenon is capable of generating major soil losses even though it covers limited land surfaces. Additionally, the damage caused by this type of erosion frequently spreads beyond the area directly affected, i.e. through the siltation of lakes and reservoirs due to the large amounts of sediments it originates. Nevertheless, gully erosion has not received the attention that it warrants from the scientific community. For instance, a rapid search through any important virtual library shows that only less than 10% of soil erosion studies published up to now in international scientific journals deal directly and specifically with gully erosion. More research and surveys are required in order to obtain a better understanding of the physical mechanisms involved in this type of erosion, with the ultimate aim of developing accurate prediction algorithms and efficient control and damage prevention systems. In fact, there are so many unanswered questions on this important environment topic that scientists all over the world have been holding periodic meetings, in which the latest knowledge and advances in the study of gully erosion have been expounded. The first of these meetings was held in Leuven (Belgium) in 2000, the second in Sicuani (China) in 2002 and the third in Oxford, Mississippi (U.S.A.) in 2004. On that last occasion, the participants proposed that Pamplona (Spain) should be the seat of the following meeting, to be held in September 2007. This book contains the abstracts both from the key speeches and from the contributions presented in the IV International Symposium on Gully Erosion held in Pamplona, in September, 2007. [--]
Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa
Resúmenes de los trabajos presentados al IV International Symposium on Gully Erosion, celebrado en la Universidad Pública de Navarra del 17 al 19 de septiembre de 2007.
Universidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Proyectos e Ingeniería Rural / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Landa Ingeniaritza eta Proiektuak Saila
This scientific activity was carried out thanks to assistance from the following institutions: Public University of Navarre; Ministry of Education and Sciences of Spain (National Plan of Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2004-2007, Complementary Action CGL 2006-27866-E/BTE; FEDER funds); National Institute of Research and Agrarian and Food technology (INIA); Department of Environment, Territorial Organization, and Housing, of the Autonomous Government of Navarre; Department of Education of the Autonomous Government of Navarre; Caja Navarra.