Apoptosis, toll-like, RIG-I-like and NOD-like receptors are pathways jointly induced by diverse respiratory bacterial and viral pathogens
Acceso abierto / Sarbide irekia
Artículo / Artikulua
Versión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioa
ES/1PE/SAF2015-67033-R ES/1PE/BFU2014-57797-R ES/1PE/SAF2015-65307-R ES/6PN/SAF2012-39444 ES/6PN/SAF2012-39841 ES/1PE/SAF2015-66520-R ES/1PE/BFU2015-70052-R ES/6PN/SAF2012-39875
Lower respiratory tract infections are among the top five leading causes of human death. Fighting these infections is therefore a world health priority. Searching for induced alterations in host gene expression shared by several relevant respiratory pathogens represents an alternative to identify new targets for wide-range host-oriented therapeutics. With this aim, alveolar macrophages were indep ... [++]
Lower respiratory tract infections are among the top five leading causes of human death. Fighting these infections is therefore a world health priority. Searching for induced alterations in host gene expression shared by several relevant respiratory pathogens represents an alternative to identify new targets for wide-range host-oriented therapeutics. With this aim, alveolar macrophages were independently infected with three unrelated bacterial (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus) and two dissimilar viral (respiratory syncytial virus and influenza A virus) respiratory pathogens, all of them highly relevant for human health. Cells were also activated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a prototypical pathogen-associated molecular pattern. Patterns of differentially expressed cellular genes shared by the indicated pathogens were searched by microarray analysis. Most of the commonly up-regulated host genes were related to the innate immune response and/or apoptosis, with Toll-like, RIG-I-like and NOD-like receptors among the top 10 signaling pathways with over-expressed genes. These results identify new potential broad-spectrum targets to fight the important human infections caused by the bacteria and viruses studied here. [--]
Frontiers in Microbiology, 8:276
IdAB - Instituto de Agrobiotecnología / Agrobioteknologiako Institutua
The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the “CIBER de Enfermedades Respiratorias” (CIBERES), an initiative of the “Instituto de Salud Carlos III” (ISCIII), Spain. Research activities in the participating laboratories received further funding from the following sources: Centro Nacional de Microbiología, ISCIII, PI15CIII/00024 and MINECO (SAF2015- 67033-R); Centro Nacional de Biotecnología, MINECO (BFU2014-57797-R); Hospital Universitari Germans Trias I Pujol, Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR 054/2011); Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular I, MINECO (SAF2015-65307-R); Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, MINECO (SAF2012-39444-C01/02); Fundación de Investigación Sanitaria de las Islas Baleares, MINECO (SAF2012-39841); Instituto de Agrobiotecnología, MINECO (SAF2015-66520-R); Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, MINECO (BFU2015-70052-R) and the Marie Curie Initial Training Network GLYCOPHARM (PITN-GA- 2012-317297). Subprograma Estatal de Formación (BES-2013- 065355).
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