Show simple item record

dc.creatorCadenas-Sánchez, Cristinaes_ES
dc.creatorIntemann, T.es_ES
dc.creatorLabayen Goñi, Idoiaes_ES
dc.creatorPeinado, A.B.es_ES
dc.creatorVidal-Conti, J.es_ES
dc.creatorSanchís Moysi, Joaquínes_ES
dc.creatorMoliner-Urdiales, D.es_ES
dc.creatorRodríguez Pérez, M. A.es_ES
dc.creatorCañete García-Prieto, J.es_ES
dc.creatorFernández-Santos, J.D.Res_ES
dc.creatorMartínez-Tellez, B.es_ES
dc.creatorVicente Rodríguez, Germánes_ES
dc.creatorLöf, M.es_ES
dc.creatorRuiz, Jonatan R.es_ES
dc.creatorOrtega, Francisco B.es_ES
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Reference values are necessary for classifying children, for health screening, and for early prevention as many non-communicable diseases aggravate during growth and development. While physical fitness reference standards are available in children aged 6 and older, such information is lacking in preschool children. Therefore, the purposes of this study were (1) to provide sex-and age-specific physical fitness reference standards for Spanish preschool children; and (2) to study sex differences across this age period and to characterise fitness performance throughout the preschool period. Design: Cross-sectional. Methods: A total of 3179 preschool children (1678 boys) aged 2.8–6.4 years old from Spain were included in the present study. Physical fitness was measured using the PREFIT battery. Results: Age- and sex-specific percentiles for the physical fitness components are provided. Boys performed better than girls in the cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and speed-agility tests over the whole preschool period studied and for the different percentiles. In contrast, girls performed slightly better than boys in the balance test. Older children had better performance in all fitness tests than their younger counterparts. Conclusions: Our study provides age- and sex-specific physical fitness reference standards in preschool children allowing interpretation of fitness assessment. Sexual dimorphism in fitness tests exists already at preschool age, and these differences become larger with age. These findings will help health, sport, and school professionals to identify preschool children with a high/very low fitness level, to examine changes in fitness over time, and to analyse those changes obtained due to intervention effects.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe PREFIT project takes place thanks to the funding linked to the Ramón y Cajal grant held by FBO (RYC-2011-09011). CC-S is supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (BES-2014-068829). JRR and FBO are supported by grants from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (RYC-2010-05957 and RYC-2011-09011, respectively). In addition, this study was further supported by the University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigación 2016, Excellence actions: Units of Excellence; Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES). Additional funding from the SAMID III network, RETICS, funded by the PNI+D+I 2017-2021 (Spain), ISCIII- Sub-Directorate General for Research Assessment and Promotion, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) (Ref. RD16/0022), the EXERNET Research Network on Exercise and Health in Special Populations (DEP2005-00046/ACTI), the University of the Basque Country (GIU14/21), and the University of Zaragoza (JIUZ-2014-BIO-08).en
dc.format.extent19 p.
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22 (2019) 430–437en
dc.rights© 2018 Sports Medicine Australia. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 licenseen
dc.subjectCardiorespiratory fitnessen
dc.subjectMotor skillsen
dc.subjectMuscular strengthen
dc.subjectReference valuesen
dc.titlePhysical fitness reference standards for preschool children: the PREFIT projecten
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ciencias de la Saludes_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Osasun Zientziak Sailaeu
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. ISFOOD - Institute for Innovation and Sustainable Development in Food Chaines_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.type.versionVersión aceptada / Onetsi den bertsioaes

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

© 2018 Sports Medicine Australia. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018 Sports Medicine Australia. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license