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dc.creatorAlibakhshikenari, Mohammades_ES
dc.creatorVirdee, Bal S.es_ES
dc.creatorSee, Chan H.es_ES
dc.creatorAbd-Alhameed, Raedes_ES
dc.creatorFalcone Lanas, Francisco Javieres_ES
dc.creatorLimiti, Ernestoes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-25T13:16:04Z
dc.date.available2019-11-25T13:16:04Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.issn1424-8220
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2454/35460
dc.description.abstractA feasibility study of a novel configuration for a super-wide impedance planar antenna is presented based on a 2 × 2 microstrip patch antenna (MPA) using CST Microwave Studio. The antenna comprises a symmetrical arrangement of four-square patches that are interconnected to each other with cross-shaped high impedance microstrip lines. The antenna array is excited through a single feedline connected to one of the patches. The proposed antenna array configuration overcomes the main drawback of conventional MPA with a narrow bandwidth that is typically <5%. The antenna exhibits a super-wide frequency bandwidth from 20 GHz to 120 GHz for S11 < -15 dB, which corresponds to a fractional bandwidth of 142.85%. The antenna's performance of bandwidth, impedance match, and radiation gain were enhanced by etching slots on the patches. With the inclusion of the slot, the maximum radiation gain and efficiency of the MPA increased to 15.11 dBi and 85.79% at 80 GHz, which showed an improvement of 2.58 dBi and 12.54%, respectively. The dimension of each patch antenna was 4.3 × 5.3 mm2. The results showed that the proposed MPA is useful for various existing and emerging communication systems such as ultra-wideband (UWB) communications, RFID systems, massive multiple-output multiple-input (MIMO) for 5G, and radar systems.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was partially supported by the Innovation Program under grant agreement H2020-MSCA-ITN-2016 SECRET-722424 and financial support from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant EP/E022936/1.en
dc.format.extent9 p.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relation.ispartofSensors, 2019, 19, 2306en
dc.rights© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectArray antennaen
dc.subjectMicrostrip patch antenna (MPA)en
dc.subjectSlot antennaen
dc.subjectSimplified composite right/left-handed metamaterial (SCRLH MTM)en
dc.subjectMultiple-output multiple-input (MIMO)en
dc.subjectRadaren
dc.subjectRadio frequency identification (RFID) systemsen
dc.subjectMillimeter-wave banden
dc.titleSuper-wide impedance bandwidth planar antenna for microwave and millimeter-wave applicationsen
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica y de Comunicaciónes_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Ingeniaritza Elektriko, Elektroniko eta Telekomunikazio Sailaeu
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/s19102306
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/722424/en
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3390/s19102306
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionen
dc.type.versionVersión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioaes


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© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access
article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution
(CC BY) license.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.