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dc.creatorPérez Sousa, Miguel A.es_ES
dc.creatorPozo Cruz, Jesús deles_ES
dc.creatorOlivares Sánchez-Toledo, Pedro Rufinoes_ES
dc.creatorCano Gutiérrez, Carlos Albertoes_ES
dc.creatorIzquierdo Redín, Mikeles_ES
dc.creatorRamírez Vélez, Robinsones_ES
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-14T11:17:37Z
dc.date.available2021-06-14T11:17:37Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn1661-7827
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2454/39910
dc.description.abstractObjectives. We investigated the association between physical fitness and cognitive status. Further, we examined whether physical fitness mediates the association between cognitive functioning and aging. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. Urban and rural Colombian older adults. Methods. 4416 participants from the SABE study were included in the current analysis. Physical fitness was assessed with the handgrip test and the usual gait speed test. Cognitive status was evaluated through the Folstein Mini-Mental State Examination. A parallel mediation path was used to test the possible mediator role of physical fitness between aging and cognitive functioning. Results. Older adults with lower handgrip strength (HGS) were more likely to have mild-cognitive status than older adults with healthy HGS (OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.15; 2.02). In addition, older adults with a slower gait speed were more likely to have mild cognitive impairment (OR = 2.05, 95% CI = 1.54; 2.78). Age had an inverse relationship with cognitive function (β = -0.110, 95% CI = -0.130; -0.100) and it was also inversely associated with HGS (β = -0.003, 95% CI = -0.005; -0.002) and gait speed (β = -0.010, 95% CI = -0.011; -0.009). The indirect effects, which indicate that the effect of age on cognitive function is transmitted through mediators, showed that both gait speed (β = -0.028, 95% CI = -0.036; -0.020) and HGS (β = -0.014, 95% CI = -0.024; -0.005) were independent mediators of the detrimental effect of aging on cognitive function. Conclusions. Physical fitness mediates the effects of aging on cognitive functioning. Our findings suggest that physical activity can be a key factor to prevent cognitive deterioration during aging process.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe study was funded by the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Colombia Colciencias contract No. 764 of 2013. Robinson Ramírez-Vélez training grant (ID420) as a postdoctoral research fellow with the Universidad Pública de Navarra (UPNA).en
dc.format.extent11 p.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherMDPIen
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, 18, 751en
dc.rights© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectAgingen
dc.subjectCognitive statusen
dc.subjectPhysical functionen
dc.titleRole for physical fitness in the association between age and cognitive function in older adults: a mediation analysis of the SABE colombia studyen
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ciencias de la Saludes_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Osasun Zientziak Sailaeu
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph18020751
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020751
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionen
dc.type.versionVersión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioaes
dc.contributor.funderUniversidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoaes


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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.