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dc.creatorCano-Rodríguez, Saraes_ES
dc.creatorRubio Varas, María del Mares_ES
dc.creatorSesma Martín, Diegoes_ES
dc.description.abstractThe energy sector is the main contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and one of the thirstiest sectors worldwide. Within the energy sector, thermoelectricity directly impacts on both emissions and water. This study assesses the evolution of the direct CO2 emissions and operational water consumption of the Spanish thermoelectricity generation from 1969 to 2019. Both carbon emissions and water consumption correlate over time, led by the trends in total thermal generation, although over the past half century, water requirements swelled far more than carbon emissions. This results in a long-term trade-off between carbon emissions and consumptive water use in relative terms: while the CO2 per thermal MWh generated halved since 1969 in Spain, the operational water consumption per MWh of thermoelectricity generated more than doubled due to switching from coal burning to nuclear and combined cycle technologies. We find no real trade-off in absolute levels. Although moving towards smaller environmental impacts since the mid-2000s, thermoelectricity remains one of the largest carbon emitters while becoming one of thirstiest energy technologies in Spain.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis publication has been supported by the grant HAR2017-860086-R funded by MCIN/AEI/ 10.13039/501100011033 and by 'ERDF A way of making Europe'. Sara Cano-Rodríguez benefits from the doctoral research contract reference PER2018-085704. Sesma-Martín also benefits from the research contract reference 1295/2019. Both assigned to the History and Economics Group from UPNA.en
dc.format.extent14 p.
dc.relation.ispartofEcological Economics, 195 (2022) 107363en
dc.rights© 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.es_ES
dc.subjectCarbon emissionsen
dc.subjectEnvironmental impactsen
dc.subjectThermoelectricity sectoren
dc.subjectWater consumptionen
dc.titleAt the crossroad between green and thirsty: carbon emissions and water consumption of Spanish thermoelectricity generation, 1969–2019en
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.contributor.departmentInstitute for Advanced Research in Business and Economics - INARBEes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016/HAR2017-86086-R/ES/en
dc.type.versionVersión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioaes

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© 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2022 The Authors. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.