Effective roughness modelling as a tool for soil moisture retrieval from C-and L-band SAR
Verhoest, Niko E. C.
Keyser, E. de
Álvarez Mozos, Jesús
Baets, Bernard de
Acceso abierto / Sarbide irekiainfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Artículo / Artikuluainfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
Versión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioainfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Soil moisture retrieval from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) using state-of-the-art backscatter models is not fully operational at present, mainly due to difficulties involved in the parameterisation of soil surface roughness. Recently, increasing interest has been drawn to the use of calibrated or effective roughness parameters, as they circumvent issues known to the parameterisation of field-measured roughness. This paper analyses effective roughness parameters derived from C- and L-band SAR observations over a large number of agricultural seedbed sites in Europe. It shows that parameters may largely differ between SAR acquisitions, as they are related to the observed backscatter coefficients and variations in the local incidence angle. Therefore, a statistical model is developed that allows for estimating effective roughness parameters from microwave backscatter observations. Subsequently, these parameters can be propagated through the Integral Equation Model (IEM) for soil moisture retrieval. It is shown that fairly accurate soil moisture results are obtained both at C-and L-band, with an RMSE ranging between 4 vol% and 6.5 vol%.
Surface scattering models, Synthetic aperture radar, Integral equation, Model, Bare soils, Backscatter models, Correlation length, Parameterization, Calibration, Land, Applicability, Geology, Water resources
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 2011, 15(1). Págs. 151-162
Versión del editor
The research presented in this paper is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office and the National Research Fund of Luxembourg in the frame of the Stereo II programme –project SR/00/100, and by the Spanish Government’s National Research, Development and Innovation Plan, project CGL2007- 63453/HID.