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dc.creatorInsausti, Ricardoes_ES
dc.creatorMuñoz López, Mónicaes_ES
dc.creatorInsausti Serrano, Ana Maríaes_ES
dc.creatorArtacho Pérula, Emilioes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-04T06:43:48Z
dc.date.available2018-09-04T06:43:48Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn1662-5129 (Electronic)
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2454/30434
dc.description.abstractThe cortical mantle is not homogeneous, so that three types of cortex can be distinguished: allocortex, periallocortex and isocortex. The main distinction among those three types is based on morphological differences, in particular the number of layers, overall organization, appearance, etc., as well as its connectivity. Additionally, in the phylogenetic scale, this classification is conserved among different mammals. The most primitive and simple cortex is the allocortex, which is characterized by the presence of three layers, with one cellular main layer; it is continued by the periallocortex, which presents six layers, although with enough differences in the layer pattern to separate three different fields: presubiculum (PrS), parasubiculum (PaS), and entorhinal cortex (EC). The closest part to the allocortex (represented by the subiculum) is the PrS, which shows outer (layers I–III) and inner (V–VI) principal layers (lamina principalis externa and lamina principalis interna), both separated by a cell poor band, parallel to the pial surface (layer IV or lamina dissecans). This layer organization is present throughout the anterior-posterior axis. The PaS continues the PrS, but its rostrocaudal extent is shorter than the PrS. The organization of the PaS shows the layer pattern more clearly than in the PrS. Up to six layers are recognizable in the PaS, with layer IV as lamina dissecans between superficial (layers I–III) and deep (V–VI) layers, as in the PrS. The EC presents even more clearly the layer pattern along both mediolateral and rostrocaudal extent. The layer pattern is a thick layer I, layer II in islands, layer III medium pyramids, layer IV as lamina dissecans (not present throughout the EC extent), layer V with dark and big pyramids and a multiform layer VI. The EC borders laterally the proisocortex (incomplete type of isocortex). Variations in the appearance of its layers justify the distinction of subfields in the EC, in particular in human and nonhuman primates. EC layers are not similar to those in the neocortex. The transition between the periallocortical EC and isocortex is not sharp, so that the proisocortex forms an intervening cortex, which fills the gap between the periallocortex and the isocortex.en
dc.format.extent10 p.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Neuroanatomy, 11: 84en
dc.rights© 2017 Insausti, Muñoz-López, Insausti and Artacho-Pérula. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectHumanen
dc.subjectEntorhinal cortexen
dc.subjectPresubiculumen
dc.subjectParasubiculumen
dc.subjectLayer patternen
dc.titleThe human periallocortex: layer pattern in presubiculum, parasubiculum and entorhinal cortex. A reviewen
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleen
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Pública de Navarra. Departamento de Ciencias de la Saludes_ES
dc.contributor.departmentNafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa. Osasun Zientziak Sailaeu
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fnana.2017.00084
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fnana.2017.00084
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionen
dc.type.versionVersión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioaes


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© 2017 Insausti, Muñoz-López, Insausti and Artacho-Pérula. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 Insausti, Muñoz-López, Insausti and Artacho-Pérula. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.