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dc.creatorAldaz Lusarreta, Alaitzes_ES
dc.creatorGiménez Díaz, Rafaeles_ES
dc.creatorCampo-Bescós, Migueles_ES
dc.creatorArregui Odériz, Luis Migueles_ES
dc.creatorVirto Quecedo, Íñigoes_ES
dc.identifier.citationAldaz-Lusarreta, A., Giménez, R., Campo-Bescós, M. A., Arregui, L. M., & Virto, I. (2022). Effects of innovative long-term soil and crop management on topsoil properties of a Mediterranean soil based on detailed water retention curves. SOIL, 8(2), 655-671.
dc.description.abstractThe effectiveness of conservation agriculture (CA) and other soil management strategies implying a reduction of tillage has been shown to be site-dependent (crop, clime and soil), and thus any new soil and crop management should be rigorously evaluated before its implementation. Moreover, farmers are normally reluctant to abandon conventional practices if this means putting their production at risk. This study evaluates an innovative soil and crop management (including no-tillage, cover crops and organic amendments) as an alternative to conventional management for rainfed cereal cropping in a calcareous soil in a semi-arid Mediterranean climatic zone of Navarra (Spain), based on the analysis of soil water retention curves (SWRCs) and soil structure. The study was carried out in a small agricultural area in the municipality of Garínoain (Navarre, Spain) devoted to rainfed cereal cropping. No other agricultural area in the whole region of Navarre exists where soil and crop management as proposed herein is practiced. Climate is temperate Mediterranean, and the dominant soil is Fluventic Haploxerept. Within the study area there is a subarea devoted to the proposed soil and crop management (OPM treatment), while there is another subarea where the soil and crop management is conventional in the zone (CM treatment). OPM includes no-tillage (18 years continuous) after conventional tillage, crop rotation, use of cover crops and occasional application of organic amendments. CM involves continuous conventional tillage (chisel plow), mineral fertilization, no cover crops and a lower diversity of crops in the rotation. Undisturbed soil samples from the topsoil and disturbed samples from the tilled layer were collected for both systems. The undisturbed samples were used to obtain the detailed SWRCs in the low suction range using a HYPROP©device. From the SWRCs, different approaches found in the literature to evaluate soil physical quality were calculated. The pore-size distribution was also estimated from the SWRCs. Disturbed samples were used in the laboratory to assess soil structure by means of an aggregate-size fractionation and to perform complementary analysis from which other indicators related to soil functioning and agricultural sustainability were obtained. The approaches evaluated did not show clear differences between treatments. However, the differences in soil quality between the two forms of management were better observed in the pore size distributions and by the analysis of the size distribution and stability of soil aggregates. There was an overabundance of macropores under CM, while the amount of mesopores (available water) and micropores were similar in both treatments. Likewise, more stable macroaggregates were observed in OPM than in CM, as well as more organic C storage, greater microbial activity, and biomass. The proposed management system is providing good results regarding soil physical quality and contributing also to the enhancement of biodiversity, as well as to the improvement in water-use efficiency. Finally, our findings suggest that the adoption of the proposed practice would not result in a loss in yields compared to conventional management.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was partially supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Government of Spain) via research project CGL2015-64284-C2-1-R and PID2020-112908RB-I00 funded by 568 MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033/FEDER “Una manera de hacer Europa”.en
dc.publisherEuropean Geosciences Unionen
dc.relation.ispartofSoil 8, 655–671, 2022en
dc.rights© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.en
dc.subjectConservation agricultureen
dc.subjectSoil and crop managementen
dc.subjectOPM treatmenten
dc.titleEffects of innovative long-term soil and crop management on topsoil properties of a mediterranean soil based on detailed water retention curvesen
dc.typeArtículo / Artikuluaes
dc.contributor.departmentAgronomía, Biotecnología y Alimentaciónes_ES
dc.contributor.departmentAgronomia, Bioteknologia eta Elikaduraeu
dc.contributor.departmentInstitute on Innovation and Sustainable Development in Food Chain - ISFOODen
dc.rights.accessRightsAcceso abierto / Sarbide irekiaes
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/PID2020-112908RB-I00/ES/en
dc.type.versionVersión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioaes
dc.contributor.funderGobierno de Navarra / Nafarroako Gobernuaes

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© Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © Author(s) 2022. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

El Repositorio ha recibido la ayuda de la Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología para la realización de actividades en el ámbito del fomento de la investigación científica de excelencia, en la Línea 2. Repositorios institucionales (convocatoria 2020-2021).
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