# Person: Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz

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Pereira Dimuro

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Graçaliz

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Automática y Computación

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0000-0001-6986-9888

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811336

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Publication Open Access Multimodal fuzzy fusion for enhancing the motor-imagery-based brain computer interface(IEEE, 2019) Ko, Li-Wei; Lu, Yi-Chen; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Chang, Yu-Cheng; Chang, Yang; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Wang, Yu-Kai; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Lin, Chin-Teng; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more Brain–computer interface technologies, such as steady-state visually evoked potential, P300, and motor imagery are methods of communication between the human brain and the external devices. Motor imagery–based brain–computer interfaces are popular because they avoid unnecessary external stimulus. Although feature extraction methods have been illustrated in several machine intelligent systems in motor imagery-based brain–computer interface studies, the performance remains unsatisfactory. There is increasing interest in the use of the fuzzy integrals, the Choquet and Sugeno integrals, that are appropriate for use in applications in which fusion of data must consider possible data interactions. To enhance the classification accuracy of brain-computer interfaces, we adopted fuzzy integrals, after employing the classification method of traditional brain–computer interfaces, to consider possible links between the data. Subsequently, we proposed a novel classification framework called the multimodal fuzzy fusion-based brain-computer interface system. Ten volunteers performed a motor imagery-based brain-computer interface experiment, and we acquired electroencephalography signals simultaneously. The multimodal fuzzy fusion-based brain-computer interface system enhanced performance compared with traditional brain–computer interface systems. Furthermore, when using the motor imagery-relevant electroencephalography frequency alpha and beta bands for the input features, the system achieved the highest accuracy, up to 78.81% and 78.45% with the Choquet and Sugeno integrals, respectively. Herein, we present a novel concept for enhancing brain–computer interface systems that adopts fuzzy integrals, especially in the fusion for classifying brain–computer interface commands.Show more Publication Open Access N-dimensional admissibly ordered interval-valued overlap functions and its influence in interval-valued fuzzy rule-based classification systems(IEEE, 2021) Da Cruz Asmus, Tiago; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Callejas Bedregal, Benjamin; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more Overlap functions are a type of aggregation functions that are not required to be associative, generally used to indicate the overlapping degree between two values. They have been successfully used as a conjunction operator in several practical problems, such as fuzzy rulebased classification systems (FRBCSs) and image processing. Some extensions of overlap functions were recently proposed, such as general overlap functions and, in the interval-valued context, n-dimensional interval-valued overlap functions. The latter allow them to be applied in n-dimensional problems with interval-valued inputs, like interval-valued classification problems, where one can apply interval-valued FRBCSs (IV-FRBCSs). In this case, the choice of an appropriate total order for intervals, like an admissible order, can play an important role. However, neither the relationship between the interval order and the n-dimensional interval-valued overlap function (which may or may not be increasing for that order) nor the impact of this relationship in the classification process have been studied in the literature. Moreover, there is not a clear preferred n-dimensional interval-valued overlap function to be applied in an IV-FRBCS. Hence, in this paper we: (i) present some new results on admissible orders, which allow us to introduce the concept of n-dimensional admissibly ordered interval-valued overlap functions, that is, n-dimensional interval-valued overlap functions that are increasing with respect to an admissible order; (ii) develop a width-preserving construction method for this kind of function, derived from an admissible order and an n-dimensional overlap function, discussing some of its features; (iii) analyze the behaviour of several combinations of admissible orders and n-dimensional (admissibly ordered) interval-valued overlap functions when applied in IV-FRBCSs. All in all, the contribution of this paper resides in pointing out the effect of admissible orders and n-dimensional admissibly ordered interval-valued overlap functions, both from a theoretical and applied points of view, the latter when considering classification problems.Show more Publication Open Access T-overlap t-migrative functions: a generalization of migrativity in t-overlap functions(Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas (Colombia), 2020) Zapata, Hugo; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta MatematikaShow more Este artículo introduce una generalización de funciones migrativas por extensión de la condición de la operación producto aplicada en las variables. Más específicamente, en lugar de exigir multiplicar la variable x por un número real alfa; en este trabajo se trabaja este número alfa con las variables de acuerdo a una t-norma. Se denomina a esta generalización función t-migrativa con respecto a tal tnorma. Luego se analizan las propiedades principales de funciones t-migrativas en funciones t-overlap y se introducen algunos métodos de construcción de este tipo de funciones.Show more Publication Open Access Applying d-XChoquet integrals in classification problems(IEEE, 2022) Wieczynski, Jonata; Lucca, Giancarlo; Borges, Eduardo N.; Emmendorfer, Leonardo R.; Ferrero Jaurrieta, Mikel; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta MatematikaShow more Several generalizations of the Choquet integral have been applied in the Fuzzy Reasoning Method (FRM) of Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Systems (FRBCS's) to improve its performance. Additionally, to achieve that goal, researchers have searched for new ways to provide more flexibility to those generalizations, by restricting the requirements of the functions being used in their constructions and relaxing the monotonicity of the integral. This is the case of CT-integrals, CC-integrals, CF-integrals, CF1F2-integrals and dCF-integrals, which obtained good performance in classification algorithms, more specifically, in the fuzzy association rule-based classification method for high-dimensional problems (FARC-HD). Thereafter, with the introduction of Choquet integrals based on restricted dissimilarity functions (RDFs) in place of the standard difference, a new generalization was made possible: the d-XChoquet (d-XC) integrals, which are ordered directional increasing functions and, depending on the adopted RDF, may also be a pre-aggregation function. Those integrals were applied in multi-criteria decision making problems and also in a motor-imagery brain computer interface framework. In the present paper, we introduce a new FRM based on the d-XC integral family, analyzing its performance by applying it to 33 different datasets from the literature.Show more Publication Open Access Additively generated (a,b)-implication functions*(IEEE, 2023) Santos, Helida; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Callejas Bedregal, Benjamin; Paiva, Rui; Lucca, Giancarlo; Moura, Bruno; Cruz, Anderson; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta MatematikaShow more Some problems involving classification through neural networks are known to use inputs out of the scope of the unit interval. Therefore, defining operations on arbitrary closed real intervals may be an interesting strategy to tackle this issue and enhance those application environments. In this paper we follow the ideas already discussed in the literature regarding (a,b)-fusion functions, and (a,b)-negations, to provide a new way to construct implication functions. The main idea is to construct an operator using additively generated functions that preserve the properties required by implication functions.Show more Publication Open Access Replacing pooling functions in convolutional neural networks by linear combinations of increasing functions(Elsevier, 2022) Rodríguez Martínez, Iosu; Lafuente López, Julio; Santiago, Regivan; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Herrera, Francisco; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Gobierno de Navarra / Nafarroako GobernuaShow more Traditionally, Convolutional Neural Networks make use of the maximum or arithmetic mean in order to reduce the features extracted by convolutional layers in a downsampling process known as pooling. However, there is no strong argument to settle upon one of the two functions and, in practice, this selection turns to be problem dependent. Further, both of these options ignore possible dependencies among the data. We believe that a combination of both of these functions, as well as of additional ones which may retain different information, can benefit the feature extraction process. In this work, we replace traditional pooling by several alternative functions. In particular, we consider linear combinations of order statistics and generalizations of the Sugeno integral, extending the latter¿s domain to the whole real line and setting the theoretical base for their application. We present an alternative pooling layer based on this strategy which we name ¿CombPool¿ layer. We replace the pooling layers of three different architectures of increasing complexity by CombPool layers, and empirically prove over multiple datasets that linear combinations outperform traditional pooling functions in most cases. Further, combinations with either the Sugeno integral or one of its generalizations usually yield the best results, proving a strong candidate to apply in most architectures.Show more Publication Embargo Degree of totalness: how to choose the best admissible permutation for vector fuzzy integration(Elsevier, 2023) Ferrero Jaurrieta, Mikel; Horanská, Lubomíra; Lafuente López, Julio; Mesiar, Radko; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Takáč, Zdenko; Gómez Fernández, Marisol; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta MatematikaShow more The use of aggregation operators that require ordering of the data brings a problem when the structures to be aggregated are multi-valued, since there may be several admissible orders. To addressing this problem, the concept of admissible permutation was introduced for intervals. In this paper we extend this concept to vector domain. However, the problem of selecting the best possible permutation is still an open problem. In this paper we present a novel concept in order to choose the best admissible permutation for vectors: the degree of totalness. This concept allows us to represent to which degree the admissible permutation reorder given vectors as a chain with respect to the partial order. Finally, from the best admissible permutation we construct the Choquet integral.Show more Publication Open Access dCF-integrals: generalizing CF-integrals by means of restricted dissimilarity functions(IEEE, 2022) Wieczynski, Jonata; Lucca, Giancarlo; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Borges, Eduardo N.; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Da Cruz Asmus, Tiago; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa, PJUPNA1926Show more The Choquet integral (CI) is an averaging aggregation function that has been used, e.g., in the fuzzy reasoning method (FRM) of fuzzy rule-based classification systems (FRBCSs) and in multicriteria decision making in order to take into account the interactions among data/criteria. Several generalizations of the CI have been proposed in the literature in order to improve the performance of FRBCSs and also to provide more flexibility in the different models by relaxing both the monotonicity requirement and averaging conditions of aggregation functions. An important generalization is the CF -integrals, which are preaggregation functions that may present interesting nonaveraging behavior depending on the function F adopted in the construction and, in this case, offering competitive results in classification. Recently, the concept of d-Choquet integrals was introduced as a generalization of the CI by restricted dissimilarity functions (RDFs), improving the usability of CIs, as when comparing inputs by the usual difference may not be viable. The objective of this article is to introduce the concept of dCF -integrals, which is a generalization of CF -integrals by RDFs. The aim is to analyze whether the usage of dCF -integrals in the FRM of FRBCSs represents a good alternative toward the standard CF -integrals that just consider the difference as a dissimilarity measure. For that, we consider six RDFs combined with five fuzzy measures, applied with more than 20 functions F . The analysis of the results is based on statistical tests, demonstrating their efficiency. Additionally, comparing the applicability of dCF -integrals versus CF -integrals, the range of the good generalizations of the former is much larger than that of the latter.Show more Publication Open Access Aggregation functions based on the Choquet integral applied to image resizing(Atlantis Press, 2019) Bueno, Jéssica C. S.; Dias, Camila A.; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Santos, Helida; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more The rising volume of data and its high complexity has brought the need of developing increasingly efficient knowledge extraction techniques, which demands efficiency both in computational cost and in accuracy. Most of problems that are handled by these techniques has complex information to be identified. So, machine learning methods are frequently used, where a variety of functions can be applied in the different steps that are employed in their architecture. One of them is the use of aggregation functions aiming at resizing images. In this context, we introduce a study of aggregation functions based on the Choquet integral, whose main characteristic in comparison with other aggregation functions is that it considers, through fuzzy measure, the interaction between the elements to be aggregated. Thus, our main goal is to present an evaluation study of the performance of the standard Choquet integral the and copula-based generalization of the Choquet integral in relation to the maximum and mean functions, looking for results that may be better than the aggregation functions commonly applied. The results of such comparisons are promising, when evaluated through image quality metrics.Show more Publication Open Access VCI-LSTM: Vector choquet integral-based long short-term memory(IEEE, 2022) Ferrero Jaurrieta, Mikel; Takáč, Zdenko; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Horanská, Lubomíra; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Montes, Susana; Díaz, Irene; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Estatistika, Informatika eta MatematikaShow more Choquet integral is a widely used aggregation operator on one-dimensional and interval-valued information, since it is able to take into account the possible interaction among data. However, there are many cases where the information taken into account is vectorial, such as Long Short-Term Memories (LSTM). LSTM units are a kind of Recurrent Neural Networks that have become one of the most powerful tools to deal with sequential information since they have the power of controlling the information flow. In this paper, we first generalize the standard Choquet integral to admit an input composed by $n$-dimensional vectors, which produces an $n$-dimensional vector output. We study several properties and construction methods of vector Choquet integrals. Then, we use this integral in the place of the summation operator, introducing in this way the new VCI-LSTM architecture. Finally, we use the proposed VCI-LSTM to deal with two problems: sequential image classification and text classification.Show more