International entrepreneurship in Africa: the roles of institutional voids, entrepreneurial networks and gender

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Alarcón Lorenzo, Silverio
García Martínez, Marian



Acceso abierto / Sarbide irekia
Artículo / Artikulua
Versión publicada / Argitaratu den bertsioa

Project identifier

AEI/Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020/RTI2018-093791-B-C21/ES/


This paper explored how institutional voids (market-unfriendly regulations and corruption) in the home country affect the internationalization degree of early-stage entrepreneurs in Africa. We examined the contingent roles of entrepreneurial networks and gender in the relationship between these institutional voids and entrepreneurs’ internationalization degree. We used 2003–2017 GEM data from 17 African countries and applied multilevel-ordered logistic models. Our analysis revealed that market-unfriendly regulations have a negative effect on the entrepreneurs’ internationalization degree and that corruption, in line with the escapism view, has a positive effect. Our results indicated that entrepreneurs engage in networking bricolage to internationalize their ventures and overcome context limitations. They also suggested that the internationalization degree of female entrepreneurs increases in market-unfriendly regulatory environments. Finally, our results showed that the ‘escapism effect’ of corruption is greater for female entrepreneurs; however, for female entrepreneurs with medium and large internationalization degrees, this context imposes additional constraints on them.


Africa, International entrepreneurship, Market-unfriendly policies, Corruption, Networking bricolage, Gender


Gestión de Empresas / Enpresen Kudeaketa / Institute on Innovation and Sustainable Development in Food Chain - ISFOOD



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Funding entities

This work was supported by the Project RTI2018-093791-B-C21 (MCIU, AEI/FEDER, UE).

© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

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