Now showing items 21-40 of 160

    • Negative externalities in cropping decisions: private versus common land 

      Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna; Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna; Osés Eraso, Nuria Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper analyzes to what extent the definition of property rights affects cropping decisions when these decisions generate negative externalities. To that end, we implement an experimental study where agents make cropping ...
    • Cost effectiveness analysis of the surgical treatment of female urinary incontinence using slings 

      Montesino Semper, Manuel F.; Jiménez Calvo, Jesús M.; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Sánchez Iriso, Eduardo Upna; Hualde Alfaro, Antonio; García García, Diego (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Objective. To determine the cost-utility and cost-effectiveness of the surgical treatment of female urinary incontinence using suburethral slings compared with therapeutic abstention. Study Design. An economic analysis was ...
    • Incentives to give up resource extraction and avoid the tragedy of the commons 

      Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna; Osés Eraso, Nuria Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper develops a general model of common resource extraction where we introduce payments for environmental services to encourage resource users to give up extraction. The goal is to reach a balance between resource ...
    • Comparing the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-5L between mental and somatic chronic patients populations 

      Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Errea, María Upna; Hernández Arenaz, Íñigo Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The validity and reliability of the EQ-5D-5L in comparison with the standard 3L has been tested through the analysis of psychometric properties making use of different samples of patients. However, it is likely that the ...
    • Sharing the costs of cleaning a river: the upstream responsibility rule 

      Alcalde Unzu, Jorge Upna; Gómez Rúa, María; Molis Bañales, Elena (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The cleaning up of waste present in transboundary rivers, which requires the cooperation of different authorities, is a problematic issue, especially when responsibility for the discharge of the waste is not well-defined. ...
    • Incentives when altruism is impure: the case of blood and living organ donations 

      Errea, María Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The decision to donate blood and living organs is considered voluntary and altruistic. However, the shortage of donors has opened an interesting debate in recent years, considering offering economic incentives to donors. ...
    • The diffusion of pay for performance across occupations 

      Bayo Moriones, José Alberto Upna; Galdón Sánchez, José Enrique Upna; Martínez de Morentin, Sara Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      In this paper the differences in the incidence of pay for performance plans between occupations in a sample of Spanish manufacturing establishments are analysed. Our results show that there are significant differences ...
    • Performance appraisal: dimensions and determinants 

      Bayo Moriones, José Alberto Upna; Galdón Sánchez, José Enrique Upna; Martínez de Morentin, Sara Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The determinants of the dimensions that shape a formal system of performance appraisal are studied in relation to a sample of Spanish manufacturing establishments. In particular, the factors that influence the measures ...
    • Incentives beyond the money: identity and motivational capital in public organizations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimality of contracts and incentives when the principal (public organisation) can undertake investments to change agents’ (public workers) identity. In the model, workers within the organisation can ...
    • Non-elective cesarean sections in public hospitals: hospital capacity constraints and doctor´s incentives 

      Arrieta, Alejandro; García Prado, Ariadna Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Using administrative records of births from the Perinatal Surveillance System of the Social Security System (ESSALUD) in Peru, we test whether high admissions of pregnant women affected unplanned cesarean section rates in ...
    • Enrolling the self-employed in mandatory health insurance in Colombia: are we missing other factors? 

      Arrieta, Alejandro; García Prado, Ariadna Upna; Panopoulou, Giota (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We assess the impact that Colombia’s 1993 health sector reform had on the enrollment of self-employed workers in mandatory social health insurance scheme, with a especial focus on the independent contractors. This group ...
    • Motivational capital and incentives in health care organisations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimal incentive schemes in public health institutions when agents (doctors) are intrinsically motivated. We develop a principal-agent dynamic model with moral hazard in which agents’ intrinsic motivation ...
    • Cost sharing and hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions 

      Arrieta, Alejandro; García Prado, Ariadna Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      In this paper, we study the effect of ambulatory and hospital coinsurance rates on HACSC among individuals with private insurance in Chile. During the last decade, Chile´s private health sector has experienced a dramatic ...
    • A simple test for the equality of integration orders 

      Hualde Bilbao, Javier Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      A necessary condition for two time series to be nontrivially cointegrated is the equality of their respective integration orders. Thus, it is standard practice to test for order homogeneity prior to testing for cointegration. ...
    • El trabajo forzado en infraestructuras ferroviarias bajo el franquismo (1938 – 1957): una estimación cuantitativa 

      Mendiola Gonzalo, Fernando Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      En este artículo se aborda el trabajo de presos y prisioneros de guerra en la ampliación y reconstrucción de vías férreas durante la guerra civil española y la dictadura franquista. En una primera parte se presentan los ...
    • Incentives beyond the money and motivational capital in health care organizations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores the conditions that characterize the optimality for a principal (health manager) to undertake investments to motivate agents (doctors). In the model, doctors are intrinsically motivated and can have ...
    • Efectos de la reducción de la jornada laboral en un modelo con dos sectores 

      Domínguez Irastorza, Emilio José Upna; Ullibarri Arce, Miren Upna; Zabaleta Arregui, Idoia Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      En tiempos de crisis económicas, con altas tasas de paro, no debemos desconsiderar ninguna política susceptible de crear empleo. La reducción de la jornada laboral es una de ellas. La aplicación de cualquier política puede ...
    • Estimation of the cointegrating rank in fractional cointegration 

      Hualde Bilbao, Javier Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper proposes an estimator of the cointegrating rank of a potentially cointegrated multivariate fractional process. Our setting is very flexible, allowing the individual observable processes to have different integration ...
    • Lorenz and lexicographic maximal allocations for bankruptcy problems 

      Arin, Javier; Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper investigates the use of egalitarian criteria to select allocations in bankruptcy problems. In our work, we characterize the sets of Lorenz maximal elements for these problems. We show that the allocation selected ...
    • The great moderation of inflation: a structural analysis of recent U.S. monetary business cycles 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna; Vázquez, Jesús (2012)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      U.S. inflation has experienced a great moderation in the last two decades. This paper examines the factors behind this and other stylized facts, such as the weaker correlation of inflation and nominal interest rate (Gibson ...