• Trade-offs in health investments: HIV, malaria and malnutrition 

      García Prado, Ariadna Upna; Miñés Belío, Sandra (2017)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      While life expectancy has increased worldwide during the last decades, the developing world is still losing millions of lives each year due to three pervasive illnesses: Malaria, HIV and Chronic Malnutrition. This work ...
    • Business dynamism and economic growth: U.S. regional evidence 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna; Khan, Hashmat (2016)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We document empirical evidence on the determinants of U.S. regional growth over the last 25 years, with a special attention to the role of entrepreneurial activity or `business dynamism'. The main data source is the Business ...
    • Why are labor markets in Spain and Germany so different? 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna; Vázquez, Jesús (2016)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The volatility of unemployment fluctuations has been about 3 times higher in Spain than in Germany over the recent business cycles (1996-2013). In contrast, fluctuations of the rate of wage inflation were significantly ...
    • Does globalization promote civil war? An empirical research 

      Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna; Manotas Hidalgo, Beatriz Upna (2015)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper investigates the empirical relationship between globalization and in-trastate conflict in a sample of 160 countries over the period 1970-2009. To that end, we use a measure of globalization that distinguishes ...
    • Strategy-proof location of public facilities 

      Alcalde Unzu, Jorge Upna; Vorsatz, Marc (2015)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Agents frequently have different opinions on where to locate a public facility. While some agents consider the facility a good and prefer to have it nearby, others dislike it and would like to see it built far away from ...
    • Entry and exit in recent US business cycles 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna (2015)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      I show evidence indicating that the variability of the total number of business units (establishments) has significantly increased in recent US business cycles, accounting for nearly 2/3 of real GDP fluctuations during the ...
    • Identity, incentives and motivational capital in public organizations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2014)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimality of contracts and incentives when the principal (public organization) can undertake investments to change agents’ (public workers) identity. In the model, workers within the organization can ...
    • Motivational capital and incentives in health care organizations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2014)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimal incentive schemes in public health institutions when agents (doctors) are intrinsically motivated. We develop a principal-agent dynamic model with moral hazard in which agents’ intrinsic motivation ...
    • A pilot inquiry on incentives and intrinsic motivation in health care: the motivational capital explained by doctors 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2014)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Where the contracts are incomplete, the resulting co-ordination problems may be attenuated if workers are intrinsically motivated to do the work. It is established by theoretical and empirical literature that workers within ...
    • Cost effectiveness analysis of the surgical treatment of female urinary incontinence using slings 

      Montesino Semper, Manuel F.; Jiménez Calvo, Jesús M.; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Sánchez Iriso, Eduardo Upna; Hualde Alfaro, Antonio; García García, Diego (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Objective. To determine the cost-utility and cost-effectiveness of the surgical treatment of female urinary incontinence using suburethral slings compared with therapeutic abstention. Study Design. An economic analysis was ...
    • Incentives to give up resource extraction and avoid the tragedy of the commons 

      Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna; Osés Eraso, Nuria Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper develops a general model of common resource extraction where we introduce payments for environmental services to encourage resource users to give up extraction. The goal is to reach a balance between resource ...
    • Business cycle and monetary policy analysis with market rigidities and financial frictions 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna; Deidda, Luca; Galdón Sánchez, José Enrique Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We describe a dynamic macroeconomic model that incorporates firm-level borrowing constraints, competitive CES loan production, and rigidities on both setting prices and wages. The external finance premium (interest-rate ...
    • The process of wage adjustment: an analysis using establishment-level data 

      Bayo Moriones, José Alberto Upna; Galdón Sánchez, José Enrique Upna; Martínez de Morentin, Sara Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      In this article, we use data from Spanish manufacturing plants to analyze the determinants of the importance attributed to several criteria when wages are adjusted. More specifically, the criteria we take into account in ...
    • Reflexiones sobre la sanidad pública en España en el horizonte de 2020 

      Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Este trabajo pretende desarrollar una visión para el Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS) en la perspectiva del año 2020. Partiendo de una evaluación de la situación actual del sistema sanitario y a la luz de los principios que ...
    • Comparing the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-5L between mental and somatic chronic patients populations 

      Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna; Errea, María Upna; Hernández Arenaz, Íñigo Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The validity and reliability of the EQ-5D-5L in comparison with the standard 3L has been tested through the analysis of psychometric properties making use of different samples of patients. However, it is likely that the ...
    • Fiscal decentralization and internal conflict: an empirical investigation 

      Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper examines the relationship between fiscal decentralization and internal conflict in 77 countries during the period 1972-2000. The results show that the devolution of scal power to subnational tiers of government ...
    • On firm-level, industry-level, and aggregate employment fluctuations 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Employment fluctuations are examined, at different levels of aggregation, in a dynamic model that provides firm-specific hiring decisions due to search frictions and sticky pricing. The results indicate that firm-level ...
    • Negative externalities in cropping decisions: private versus common land 

      Benito Ostolaza, Juan Miguel Upna; Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna; Osés Eraso, Nuria Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper analyzes to what extent the definition of property rights affects cropping decisions when these decisions generate negative externalities. To that end, we implement an experimental study where agents make cropping ...
    • Incentives when altruism is impure: the case of blood and living organ donations 

      Errea, María Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The decision to donate blood and living organs is considered voluntary and altruistic. However, the shortage of donors has opened an interesting debate in recent years, considering offering economic incentives to donors. ...
    • Sharing the costs of cleaning a river: the upstream responsibility rule 

      Alcalde Unzu, Jorge Upna; Gómez Rúa, María; Molis Bañales, Elena (2013)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The cleaning up of waste present in transboundary rivers, which requires the cooperation of different authorities, is a problematic issue, especially when responsibility for the discharge of the waste is not well-defined. ...