Now showing items 1-20 of 165

    • The other halves of fascist Italy: income inequality from dynamic social tables, 1900-1950 

      Gómez León, María; Gabbuti, Giacomo (2021)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper documents new, yearly estimates of overall income inequality for Italy, from the first industrial 'take-off' to the eve of the ‘Economic Miracle’, contributing both to the comparative literature on the evolution ...
    • Provincial health inequalities in Spain since 1860 

      Galofré-Vilà, Gregori; Gómez León, María (2021)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Using annual mortality rates at the provincial level for men and women, we construct a Gini index to estimate changes in regional health inequalities since 1860 in Spain. We find a long steady decline in health inequality ...
    • A lesson from history? The 1918 influenza pandemic and the rise of Italian fascism: a cross-city quantitative and historical text qualitative analysis 

      Galofré-Vilà, Gregori; Gómez León, María; Stuckler, David (2021)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Objectives: Evidence linking past experiences of worsening health and support for radical political views has generated concerns about the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. The influenza pandemic that began in 1918 ...
    • The costs of hyperinflation: Germany 1923 

      Galofré-Vilà, Gregori (2021)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      I study the link between monetary policy and populism by looking at the hyperinflation in Germany in 1923, one of the worst spells of inflation in history, and the Nazi electoral boost in 1933. Contrary to received wisdom, ...
    • A dynamic model of COVID-19: contagion and implications of isolation enforcement 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid; Khan, Hashmat (2020)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We present a dynamic model that produces day-to-day changes in key variables due to the COVID-19 contagion: the number of ever infected people, currently infected, deaths, healed, and infected people who require hospitalization. ...
    • COVID-19 pandemic and economic scenarios for Ontario 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid; Gomme, Paul; Khan, Hashmat (2020)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      To study the efficacy of the public policy response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we develop a model of the rich interactions between epidemiology and socioeconomic choices. Preferences feature a 'fear of death' that lead ...
    • On staggered prices and optimal inflation 

      Aguilera Bravo, Asier Upna; Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid (2019)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper computes the steady-state optimal rate of inflation assuming two different sticky-price specifications, Calvo (1983) and Taylor (1980), in a model with monopolistic competition. The optimal rate of inflation ...
    • A portfolio-choice model to analyze the recent gross capital flows between Canada and the US 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid; Villar Olano, Alba del (2019)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We calibrate a two-country New Keynesian model with endogenous portfolio choice and valuation effects to discuss the determinants of the increase in Canadian Net Foreign Assets with the US observed after 2012. Furthermore, ...
    • A structural analysis of US entry and exit dynamics. Technical appendix 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid; Khan, Hashmat; Poutineau, Jean-Christophe (2018)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      A. The optimizing programs of the model and other technical details (pages 1-7) B. Short-run and long-run equilibria in the DSGE model with endogenous entry and exit (pages 8-12) C. Average productivity (pages 13-15) D. ...
    • Fair competition design 

      Arlegi Pérez, Ricardo Upna Orcid; Dimitrov, Dinko (2018)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We study the impact of two basic principles of fairness on the structure of competition systems and perform our analysis by focusing on sports competitions. The first principle states that equally strong players should ...
    • A structural analysis of US entry and exit dynamics 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid; Khan, Hashmat; Poutineau, Jean-Christophe (2018)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The authors report empirical evidence indicating that US business formation has recently turned more volatile, procyclical and persistent due to changes in exit dynamics. To study these stylized facts, we estimate a DSGE ...
    • Trade-offs in health investments: HIV, malaria and malnutrition 

      García Prado, Ariadna Upna Orcid; Miñés Belío, Sandra (2017)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      While life expectancy has increased worldwide during the last decades, the developing world is still losing millions of lives each year due to three pervasive illnesses: Malaria, HIV and Chronic Malnutrition. This work ...
    • Why are labor markets in Spain and Germany so different? 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid; Vázquez, Jesús (2016)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      The volatility of unemployment fluctuations has been about 3 times higher in Spain than in Germany over the recent business cycles (1996-2013). In contrast, fluctuations of the rate of wage inflation were significantly ...
    • Business dynamism and economic growth: U.S. regional evidence 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid; Khan, Hashmat (2016)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      We document empirical evidence on the determinants of U.S. regional growth over the last 25 years, with a special attention to the role of entrepreneurial activity or `business dynamism'. The main data source is the Business ...
    • Strategy-proof location of public facilities 

      Alcalde Unzu, Jorge Upna Orcid; Vorsatz, Marc (2015)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Agents frequently have different opinions on where to locate a public facility. While some agents consider the facility a good and prefer to have it nearby, others dislike it and would like to see it built far away from ...
    • Does globalization promote civil war? An empirical research 

      Ezcurra Orayen, Roberto Upna Orcid; Manotas Hidalgo, Beatriz Upna Orcid (2015)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper investigates the empirical relationship between globalization and in-trastate conflict in a sample of 160 countries over the period 1970-2009. To that end, we use a measure of globalization that distinguishes ...
    • Entry and exit in recent US business cycles 

      Casares Polo, Miguel Upna Orcid (2015)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      I show evidence indicating that the variability of the total number of business units (establishments) has significantly increased in recent US business cycles, accounting for nearly 2/3 of real GDP fluctuations during the ...
    • Identity, incentives and motivational capital in public organizations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna Orcid; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2014)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimality of contracts and incentives when the principal (public organization) can undertake investments to change agents’ (public workers) identity. In the model, workers within the organization can ...
    • Motivational capital and incentives in health care organizations 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna Orcid; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2014)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      This paper explores optimal incentive schemes in public health institutions when agents (doctors) are intrinsically motivated. We develop a principal-agent dynamic model with moral hazard in which agents’ intrinsic motivation ...
    • A pilot inquiry on incentives and intrinsic motivation in health care: the motivational capital explained by doctors 

      Berdud, Mikel Upna; Cabasés Hita, Juan Manuel Upna Orcid; Nieto Vázquez, Jorge Upna (2014)   Documento de trabajo / Lan gaiak  OpenAccess
      Where the contracts are incomplete, the resulting co-ordination problems may be attenuated if workers are intrinsically motivated to do the work. It is established by theoretical and empirical literature that workers within ...