# Person: Sanz Delgado, José Antonio

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Sanz Delgado

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José Antonio

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Automática y Computación

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0000-0002-1427-9909

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7828

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Publication Open Access Pre-aggregation functions: construction and an application(IEEE, 2015) Lucca, Giancarlo; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Bedregal, Benjamin; Mesiar, Radko; Kolesárová, Anna; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Automática y Computación; Automatika eta KonputazioaShow more In this work we introduce the notion of preaggregation function. Such a function satisfies the same boundary conditions as an aggregation function, but, instead of requiring monotonicity, only monotonicity along some fixed direction (directional monotonicity) is required. We present some examples of such functions. We propose three different methods to build pre-aggregation functions. We experimentally show that in fuzzy rule-based classification systems, when we use one of these methods, namely, the one based on the use of the Choquet integral replacing the product by other aggregation functions, if we consider the minimum or the Hamacher product t-norms for such construction, we improve the results obtained when applying the fuzzy reasoning methods obtained using two classical averaging operators like the maximum and the Choquet integral.Show more Publication Open Access Enhancing the efficiency of the interval-valued fuzzy rule-based classifier with tuning and rule selection(Springer, 2020) Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Asmus, Tiago; Osa Hernández, Borja de la; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate Publikoa, PJUPNA1926Show more Interval-Valued fuzzy rule-based classifier with TUning and Rule Selection, IVTURS, is a state-of-the-art fuzzy classifier. One of the key point of this method is the usage of interval-valued restricted equivalence functions because their parametrization allows one to tune them to each problem, which leads to obtaining accurate results. However, they require the application of the exponentiation several times to obtain a result, which is a time demanding operation implying an extra charge to the computational burden of the method. In this contribution, we propose to reduce the number of exponentiation operations executed by the system, so that the efficiency of the method is enhanced with no alteration of the obtained results. Moreover, the new approach also allows for a reduction on the search space of the evolutionary method carried out in IVTURS. Consequently, we also propose four different approaches to take advantage of this reduction on the search space to study if it can imply an enhancement of the accuracy of the classifier. The experimental results prove: 1) the enhancement of the efficiency of IVTURS and 2) the accuracy of IVTURS is competitive versus that of the approaches using the reduced search space.Show more Publication Open Access Towards interval uncertainty propagation control in bivariate aggregation processes and the introduction of width-limited interval-valued overlap functions(Elsevier, 2021) Asmus, Tiago; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Bedregal, Benjamin; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Mesiar, Radko; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y Matemáticas; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more Overlap functions are a class of aggregation functions that measure the overlapping degree between two values. They have been successfully applied as a fuzzy conjunction operation in several problems in which associativity is not required, such as image processing and classification. Interval-valued overlap functions were defined as an extension to express the overlapping of interval-valued data, and they have been usually applied when there is uncertainty regarding the assignment of membership degrees, as in interval-valued fuzzy rule-based classification systems. In this context, the choice of a total order for intervals can be significant, which motivated the recent developments on interval-valued aggregation functions and interval-valued overlap functions that are increasing to a given admissible order, that is, a total order that refines the usual partial order for intervals. Also, width preservation has been considered on these recent works, in an intent to avoid the uncertainty increase and guarantee the information quality, but no deeper study was made regarding the relation between the widths of the input intervals and the output interval, when applying interval-valued functions, or how one can control such uncertainty propagation based on this relation. Thus, in this paper we: (i) introduce and develop the concepts of width-limited interval-valued functions and width limiting functions, presenting a theoretical approach to analyze the relation between the widths of the input and output intervals of bivariate interval-valued functions, with special attention to interval-valued aggregation functions; (ii) introduce the concept of (a,b)-ultramodular aggregation functions, a less restrictive extension of one-dimension convexity for bivariate aggregation functions, which have an important predictable behaviour with respect to the width when extended to the interval-valued context; (iii) define width-limited interval-valued overlap functions, taking into account a function that controls the width of the output interval and a new notion of increasingness with respect to a pair of partial orders (≤1,≤2); (iv) present and compare three construction methods for these width-limited interval-valued overlap functions, considering a pair of orders (≤1,≤2), which may be admissible or not, showcasing the adaptability of our developments.Show more Publication Open Access Evolution in time of L-fuzzy context sequences(Elsevier, 2016) Alcalde, Cristina; Burusco Juandeaburre, Ana; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Jurío Munárriz, Aránzazu; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Automatika eta Konputazioa; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Automática y Computación; Universidad Pública de Navarra / Nafarroako Unibertsitate PublikoaShow more In this work, we consider a complete lattice L and we study L-fuzzy context sequences which represent the evolution in time of an L-fuzzy context. To carry out this study, in the first part of the paper, we consider n-ary OWA operators in complete lattices, which enable us to make a general analysis and a temporal analysis at any moment in time of L-fuzzy context sequences. After that, evolution in time of the relationship between the objects and the attributes is considered. In particular, we analyze the concepts of Trend and Persistent formal contexts. Finally, we illustrate our results with an example where we consider the particular lattice L = J ([0, 1]).Show more Publication Open Access N-dimensional admissibly ordered interval-valued overlap functions and its influence in interval-valued fuzzy rule-based classification systems(IEEE, 2021) Asmus, Tiago; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Bedregal, Benjamin; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more Overlap functions are a type of aggregation functions that are not required to be associative, generally used to indicate the overlapping degree between two values. They have been successfully used as a conjunction operator in several practical problems, such as fuzzy rulebased classification systems (FRBCSs) and image processing. Some extensions of overlap functions were recently proposed, such as general overlap functions and, in the interval-valued context, n-dimensional interval-valued overlap functions. The latter allow them to be applied in n-dimensional problems with interval-valued inputs, like interval-valued classification problems, where one can apply interval-valued FRBCSs (IV-FRBCSs). In this case, the choice of an appropriate total order for intervals, like an admissible order, can play an important role. However, neither the relationship between the interval order and the n-dimensional interval-valued overlap function (which may or may not be increasing for that order) nor the impact of this relationship in the classification process have been studied in the literature. Moreover, there is not a clear preferred n-dimensional interval-valued overlap function to be applied in an IV-FRBCS. Hence, in this paper we: (i) present some new results on admissible orders, which allow us to introduce the concept of n-dimensional admissibly ordered interval-valued overlap functions, that is, n-dimensional interval-valued overlap functions that are increasing with respect to an admissible order; (ii) develop a width-preserving construction method for this kind of function, derived from an admissible order and an n-dimensional overlap function, discussing some of its features; (iii) analyze the behaviour of several combinations of admissible orders and n-dimensional (admissibly ordered) interval-valued overlap functions when applied in IV-FRBCSs. All in all, the contribution of this paper resides in pointing out the effect of admissible orders and n-dimensional admissibly ordered interval-valued overlap functions, both from a theoretical and applied points of view, the latter when considering classification problems.Show more Publication Open Access Multimodal fuzzy fusion for enhancing the motor-imagery-based brain computer interface(IEEE, 2019) Ko, Li-Wei; Lu, Yi-Chen; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Chang, Yu-Cheng; Chang, Yang; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Wang, Yu-Kai; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Pereira Dimuro, Graçaliz; Lin, Chin-Teng; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more Brain–computer interface technologies, such as steady-state visually evoked potential, P300, and motor imagery are methods of communication between the human brain and the external devices. Motor imagery–based brain–computer interfaces are popular because they avoid unnecessary external stimulus. Although feature extraction methods have been illustrated in several machine intelligent systems in motor imagery-based brain–computer interface studies, the performance remains unsatisfactory. There is increasing interest in the use of the fuzzy integrals, the Choquet and Sugeno integrals, that are appropriate for use in applications in which fusion of data must consider possible data interactions. To enhance the classification accuracy of brain-computer interfaces, we adopted fuzzy integrals, after employing the classification method of traditional brain–computer interfaces, to consider possible links between the data. Subsequently, we proposed a novel classification framework called the multimodal fuzzy fusion-based brain-computer interface system. Ten volunteers performed a motor imagery-based brain-computer interface experiment, and we acquired electroencephalography signals simultaneously. The multimodal fuzzy fusion-based brain-computer interface system enhanced performance compared with traditional brain–computer interface systems. Furthermore, when using the motor imagery-relevant electroencephalography frequency alpha and beta bands for the input features, the system achieved the highest accuracy, up to 78.81% and 78.45% with the Choquet and Sugeno integrals, respectively. Herein, we present a novel concept for enhancing brain–computer interface systems that adopts fuzzy integrals, especially in the fusion for classifying brain–computer interface commands.Show more Publication Open Access CFM-BD: a distributed rule induction algorithm for building compact fuzzy models in Big Data classification problems(IEEE, 2020) Elkano Ilintxeta, Mikel; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Barrenechea Tartas, Edurne; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Galar Idoate, Mikel; Estatistika, Informatika eta Matematika; Institute of Smart Cities - ISC; Estadística, Informática y MatemáticasShow more Interpretability has always been a major concern for fuzzy rule-based classifiers. The usage of human-readable models allows them to explain the reasoning behind their predictions and decisions. However, when it comes to Big Data classification problems, fuzzy rule based classifiers have not been able to maintain the good tradeoff between accuracy and interpretability that has characterized these techniques in non-Big-Data environments. The most accurate methods build models composed of a large number of rules and fuzzy sets that are too complex, while those approaches focusing on interpretability do not provide state-of-the-art discrimination capabilities. In this paper, we propose a new distributed learning algorithm named CFM-BD to construct accurate and compact fuzzy rule-based classification systems for Big Data. This method has been specifically designed from scratch for Big Data problems and does not adapt or extend any existing algorithm. The proposed learning process consists of three stages: Preprocessing based on the probability integral transform theorem; rule induction inspired by CHI-BD and Apriori algorithms; and rule selection by means of a global evolutionary optimization. We conducted a complete empirical study to test the performance of our approach in terms of accuracy, complexity, and runtime. The results obtained were compared and contrasted with four state-of-the-art fuzzy classifiers for Big Data (FBDT, FMDT, Chi-Spark-RS, and CHI-BD). According to this study, CFM-BD is able to provide competitive discrimination capabilities using significantly simpler models composed of a few rules of less than three antecedents, employing five linguistic labels for all variables.Show more Publication Open Access Extensions of fuzzy sets in image processing: an overview(EUSFLAT, 2011) Pagola Barrio, Miguel; Barrenechea Tartas, Edurne; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Fernández Fernández, Francisco Javier; Galar Idoate, Mikel; Jurío Munárriz, Aránzazu; López Molina, Carlos; Paternain Dallo, Daniel; Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Couto, P.; Melo Pinto, P.; Automática y Computación; Automatika eta KonputazioaShow more This work presents a valuable review for the interested reader of the recent Works using extensions of fuzzy sets in image processing. The chapter is divided as follows: first we recall the basics of the extensions of fuzzy sets, i.e. Type 2 fuzzy sets, interval-valued fuzzy sets and Atanassov’s intuitionistic fuzzy sets. In sequent sections we review the methods proposed for noise removal (sections 3), image enhancement (section 4), edge detection (section 5) and segmentation (section 6). There exist other image segmentation tasks such as video de-interlacing, stereo matching or object representation that are not described in this work.Show more Publication Open Access A first study on the use of interval-valued fuzzy sets with genetic tuning for classification with imbalanced data sets(Springer, 2009) Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Fernández, Alberto; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Herrera, Francisco; Automática y Computación; Automatika eta KonputazioaShow more Classification with imbalanced data-sets is one of the recent challenging problems in Data Mining. In this framework, the class dis- tribution is not uniform and the separability between the classes is often difficult. From the available techniques in the Machine Learning field, we focus on the use of Fuzzy Rule Based Classification Systems, as they provide an interpretable model for the end user by means of linguistic variables. The aim of this work is to increase the performance of fuzzy modeling by adding a higher degree of knowledge by means of the use of Interval- valued Fuzzy Sets. Furthermore, we will contextualize the Interval-valued Fuzzy Sets with a post-processing genetic tuning of the amplitude of their upper bounds in order to enhance the global behaviour of this methodology.Show more Publication Open Access Improving the performance of fuzzy rule-based classification systems with interval-valued fuzzy sets and genetic amplitude tuning(Elsevier, 2010) Sanz Delgado, José Antonio; Fernández, Alberto; Bustince Sola, Humberto; Herrera, Francisco; Automática y Computación; Automatika eta KonputazioaShow more Among the computational intelligence techniques employed to solve classification problems, Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Systems (FRBCSs) are a popular tool because of their interpretable models based on linguistic variables, which are easier to understand for the experts or end-users. The aim of this paper is to enhance the performance of FRBCSs by extending the Knowledge Base with the application of the concept of Interval-Valued Fuzzy Sets (IVFSs). We consider a post-processing genetic tuning step that adjusts the amplitude of the upper bound of the IVFS to contextualize the fuzzy partitions and to obtain a most accurate solution to the problem. We analyze the goodness of this approach using two basic and well-known fuzzy rule learning algorithms, the Chi et al.’s method and the fuzzy hybrid genetics-based machine learning algorithm. We show the improvement achieved by this model through an extensive empirical study with a large collection of data-sets.Show more